By 2020, an unprecedented year for the oil and gas sector, oil production has fallen by 8% as global volumes of gas have fallen by 5%, based on satellite data collected by http: //www.http According to estimates: // partnership Worldwide for the reduction of gas flares (GGFR) From the World Bank.
In terms of volume, oil production increased from 82 million barrels per day in 2019 to 76 million in 2020, while global gas flaring production declined from 150 billion cubic meters in 2019 to 142 billion in 2020. However, the amount of gas worldwide is sufficient to supply Sub-Saharan Africa with burned electricity. The United States accounted for a 70% decline, with a 32% decline in gas between 2019 and 2020, an 8% drop in oil production, combined with the installation of new infrastructure from gas use to gas. Uses that would otherwise flare up.
According to satellite data collected in 2020, Russia, Iraq, Iran, the United States, Algeria, Venezuela and Nigeria occupy the top of the ranking of gas emissions countries for the ninth consecutive year since launching the first satellite in 2012. In progress. In fact, these seven countries represent 40% of annual oil production worldwide, but account for about two-thirds (65%) of the global volume of gas. This trend is indicative of various challenges of today. For example, there are thousands of scintillation sites in the United States that are difficult to connect to markets, while some oil fields with large flares in eastern Siberia (Russian Federation) are extremely landlocked and have the infrastructure to collect and evacuate the generated gases. Is lacking.
The practice of burning natural gas at oil production sites is the result of various constraints related to markets and economic difficulties, but also in the absence of appropriate regulations and political will. It releases various types of pollutants into the atmosphere, including carbon dioxide, methane, and carbon black (soot). Methane emissions in the short to medium term contribute greatly to global warming, as the effect of this gas is at least 80 times more powerful than carbon dioxide over a 20-year horizon. “Developing countries dependent on oil are feeling the effects of the COVID-19 epidemic, it puts pressure on their revenue and budget. However, due to the same emissions of more than 400 million tons of carbon dioxide every year, it is still time to act. We must continue to implement programs aimed at reducing direct emissions from the oil and gas sector, particularly in flare-ups, ”said Demetrios Papanathisio, director of the World Bank’s Energy and Preventive Industries Division.
The Global Partnership for Gas Flooring Reduction (GGFR) is a trust fund administered by the World Bank that brings states, oil companies and international institutions with the goal of ending systematic flirting of gas at production sites. In collaboration with the US Agency for the Studies of the Oceanic and Atmosphere (NOAA) and the Colorado School of Mines, the GGFR has estimated worldwide gas volumes based on observations collected by two satellites launched in 2012 and 2017. . The advanced sensors of these satellites detect infrared radiation from the heat emanating from oil and gas installations.
“More than ever, gas flow appears to be a serious problem for climate and resource management. About 80 countries and oil companies have promised no regular flows for the next decade, and some have also joined our global partnership, which is a very positive development. Flammable scarcity projects require substantial investment, but have to be repaid after many years. As the next United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, we are requesting the leaders of oil producing countries and oil companies to reduce climate gas shortages at the center of their action plans. To save the planet from millions of tons of emissions every year, it is time to put an end to this 160-year-old practice, ”said Zubin Bamji, head of GGFR.