Faced with a new war, unprecedented in history, the UN Secretary-General has warned that our future is in danger of being destroyed before we fully realize it.
A strong message from Antonio Guterres A year after a global upheaval, the government shut down entire countries for several months at a time by the coronavirus epidemic, while fires, cyclones and powerful storms ravaged the world.
Guterres said: “Humanity is at war with nature. It is suicidal. Nature always comes back – and it is already doing so with increasing power and fury. Biodiversity is declining. One million species are at risk of extinction. Ecology is disappearing before our eyes … Human activities are at the root of our lineage towards chaos. But that means humanitarian action can help solve it.
He lists the wounds inflicted by man in the natural world: the spread of the desert; Wetlands lost; Deforestation; The oceans overfishes and suffocates with plastic; Coral wall die; Air pollution kills 9 million people a year, more than the current epidemic; And the fact that 75% of new and emerging human infectious diseases come from animals like Kovid-19.
Although Guterres, like his two predecessors, often spoke of the dangers of climate crisis, it was still his strongest language. The United Nations was established at the end of World War II five years ago to try to promote world peace after two devastating global conflicts. Guterres made a deliberate request for that original mission by applying it to the climate and biodiversity crisis.
In a virtual speech entitled The State of the Planet at Columbia University in New York, he said, “Establishing peace with nature is a defined task of the twenty-first century. “It must be omnipresent, omnipresent, omnipresent.”
He said that future generations will face destruction from our actions today. “This is an epic principle test. But in the end it’s a moral test … we can’t use it [our] Resources that can lock policies [future generations] With a mountain of debt on a broken planet.
He emphasized inequality and warned that the poorest and most vulnerable, even the richest countries, had been attacked.
Guterres said greenhouse gas emissions were 2% higher than when international climate talks began in 1990. A report released by the World Meteorological Organization on Wednesday shows that 2020 is on the way to becoming one of the three warmest years on the world record. Its cooling effect The girl The weather system, the last decade, was the warmest in human history and sea temperatures were thought to be at record levels.
Even after the effects of the coronavirus crisis, greenhouse gas emissions are set to rise again this year.
But Guterres also struck a note of hope. Many countries, including the largest emitter, China, the EU, and US President-elect Joe Biden, have set goals to reach net-zero emissions by the middle of the century. Renewable energy is now cheaper than coal in many areas and new technologies such as electric vehicles are gaining momentum.
He said: “I firmly believe that 2021 could be a new kind of leap year – a year of quantum leap towards carbon neutrality. Sound economic analysis is our ally. “
He added that investors and governments must seize the opportunity to “flick the green switch” when there was still time, he said. He was looking forward to the UN COP 226 climate talks, which will be conducted by the UK next year, as the moment when countries decide on a green global economy.
Within 10 days, Guterres will host a summit of world leaders preparing for the COP 26 conference, postponed for a year next November due to a global epidemic with the French government and Boris Johnson.
At the Climate Ambition Summit, five years after the Paris Agreement was signed, governments are expected to confirm plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions over the next decade in line with long-term goals.
Earlier this week, Climate Action Tracker calculated that if all net-zero promises made by governments and leaders were met, temperatures would rise by about 2.1 centigrade to pre-industrial levels. Which shall not exceed the upper limit set by the Paris Agreement, shall not keep the temperature of the pre-industrial level above 2C, it shall be regarded as a protection limit which will make climate catastrophe likely catastrophic and irreversible.
However, it depends on the goals set for the long-term decade so meet with action now. Guterres warned that the promise was not enough for them.
He said: “All our governments need to translate these commitments into policies, plans and goals in a timely manner. It will provide assurance and confidence to invest for business and financial sector net zero. ”
Guterres called on countries to set prices for carbon emissions, stop investing in fossil fuels and fix fossil fuel subsidies, stop building new coal-fired power plants and shift their financial base from income tax to tax pollution.
He added that governments must take swift action on the biodiversity crisis, as the United Nations plans to hold several major conferences next year that will address species extinction, oceans, food production and cities. “The next year gives us plenty of opportunities to stop looting and start healing,” he said.
This was echoed by French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius Guterres, who chaired the 2015 Landmark Paris Conference. “There is no vaccine against climate warming,” he warned. “But there is an antidote, which must be fully implemented in the Paris Agreement.”
He said financial support would be essential for developing countries to establish a global sense of reach on net-zero emissions as a key to success in Paris.
“Money, money, money,” Fabius said, was the main topic of discussion, and that rich countries must live up to their promise to provide developing countries with at least বিল 100 billion a year, cut their emissions and help mitigate climate change.
Fabius added that in addition to financial support, the government must try to ensure that changes in the green economy benefit all sections of society. “The question of climate change is also a question of inequality. We have to deal with it, otherwise we have a big problem. “
Former Energy and Climate Minister Amber Rudd, who represented the UK at the Paris talks, said Boris Johnson had weakened his own position in COP 2 at the UK by reducing the UK’s spending on foreign aid, which would reduce hosts’ gains in uniting developing countries. .
“Understanding the seriousness of COP 2, a country will not give up international aid right now,” he said.