Eid al-Fitr: North African scientists and astronomers did not agree on the end date of Ramadan

# Morocco : The date of Eid al-Fitr, marking the end of the holy month of Ramadan, is unanimous among scientists. From Ragat to Tunis, via Algiers, scientists’ calculations begin to converge on the same day. This year, the Maghreb countries can celebrate Eid al-Fitr together.

It is celebrated on Saturday May 8, 2021 in many countries including Algeria, Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Mauritania … and for others including Morocco and Senegal, it will be celebrated on Sunday May 9.

However, for Eid al-Fitr, almost most scientific organizations and astronomical associations are unanimous on the holiday date to mark the end of Ramadan. According to scientific calculations, the Muslim countries of Maghreb could celebrate the end of Ramadan at the same time.

Thus, in Morocco, Hicham el Aisoui, Eid al-Fitr, will be celebrated on Thursday May 13, 2021, according to Dar el Hadith al Hasani’s astronomer and laureate. He ensures that Ramadan reigns for only 29 days this year.

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In Algeria, based on astronomical calculations, the Ibn al-Haytham Association for Science and Astronomy has indicated that the date of Eid al-Fitr will be Thursday, May 13. Accordingly, on Tuesday, May 11, 2021, as of the 29th, “the observation of rice crescent marking the end of Ramadan will not be possible”.I Ramadan day in Algeria and most Muslim countries. As a result, on the basis of this scientific data, Eid al-Fitr will be celebrated on 13 May.

According to the National Institute of Meteorology (INM), Tunisia will experience the same scenario on 11 May, with the impossibility of observing Chavla Vardhman, according to astronomical data. For the institute, the moon will be celebrated only on the evening of Wednesday, May 12, meaning that Eid al-Fitr will also be celebrated on Thursday, May 13, 2021.

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It should also be noted that the French Council for Muslim Worship had already announced 1is Last April, the end of the Ramadan holiday would be celebrated on 13 May, based on scientific data and the use of calculations to determine the lunar calendar.

Thus, scientists and astronomers convert on Thursday the 13th to the first day of rice month and hence Eid al-Fitr.

However, it should be noted that in Algeria and Morocco, religious authorities have not heeded the advice of scientists and astronomers to determine the date of the end of the month of Ramadan. It is religious officials who, based solely on the observation of the lunar crescent, with the naked eye, announce the night of doubt and the end date of Ramadan. And this observation should be validated by the commission appointed for this purpose.

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