Bubonic plague returns to China’s Inner Mongolia

According to the state, the case was fixed in Bayannur, northwest of Beijing Xinhua news agency. A hospital warned municipal officials on the patient’s case on Saturday. Until Sunday, local authorities issued a Level 3 warning across the city on plague prevention, the second-lowest in a four-level system.

According to Xinhua, the warning will remain in place until the end of the year.

The plague caused by bacteria and transmitted by flea bites and infected animals is one of the deadliest bacterial infections in human history. During the Black Death in the Middle Ages, it killed an estimated 50 million people in Europe.

One of the three forms of plague, bubonic plague causes painful, swollen lymph nodes, as well as fever, chills, and cough.

Bayannur health authorities are now calling on people to take extra precautions to minimize the risk of transmitting from person to person and avoid hunting or eating animals that can cause infection.

“Currently, there is a risk of a human plague epidemic spreading in this city. The public should develop self-protection awareness and ability and report abnormal health conditions immediately,” according to the state health newspaper. Said. Chinese Daily.

Bayannur officials warned the public to report the findings of dead or sick marmots that have been eaten in some parts of China and neighboring country Mongolia and have historically caused plague epidemics in the region.

A Tarbagan marmot in the steppes around Lake Khukh in Mongolia.

Marmot is believed to cause an outbreak of 1911 pneumonic plague, killing about 63,000 people in northeast China. It was hunted for its fur, which gained popularity among international traders. Diseased fur products were bought and sold across the country and transmitted to thousands of people along the way.

Although the outbreak remained within a year, rat-related plague infections continued decades later. Two bubonic plague cases have been confirmed in Mongolia last week – both brothers eating a rat meat, According to Xinhua.
Last May, a couple in Mongolia died from bubonic plague After eating a rat’s raw kidney, it is considered a folk remedy for health. Two more pneumonic plague – another form of disease that infects the lungs – months later on the border of Inner Mongolia.

Why is the plague still something?

The emergence of antibiotics that can cure most infections if they catch it early enough has helped to control plague outbreaks and prevented the rapid spread of witnesses in Europe in the Middle Ages.

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However, although modern medicine could fully intervene in the plague, it soon returned and led the World Health Organization (WHO) to classify it as a re-emerging disease.

According to the World Health Organization, between 1,000 and 2,000 people are caught every year. However, this total is probably a very modest estimate as it does not take into account unreported cases.

Every year, 1,000 to 2,000 people get plague - including about 7 in the U.S.

The three endemic countries – the plague is permanently present – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar and Peru.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there have been several to several dozen plague cases each year in the United States. In 2015, two people died in Colorado in plague, and there were eight cases reported in the state a year ago.

There is currently no effective vaccine against plague, but modern antibiotics can prevent complications and death if given quickly enough. Untreated, bubonic plague can turn into a pneumonic plague that causes pneumonia that develops rapidly after bacteria spread into the lungs.

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