Some applauded the movement, while others decided what they called the “mafia rule.”
For some, the sculptures fell into the background of everyday life, but many people still question whether they will stand on their pedestals.
On Tuesday, London Mayor Sadiq Khan announced a commission to study the future of landmarks in the British capital, including murals, street art, street names and sculptures.
The Diversity Commission in the Public Sphere aims to promote diversity in the public sphere of London to ensure that the capital’s landmark structures appropriately reflect London’s achievements and diversity.
As these actions divide the public, they are increasingly fed into what happens to the sculptures of individuals who benefit from the suffering of many, such as Colston.
The statue of Winston Churchill in London’s Parliament Square appears to be defaced with the words “racist” after its name after a Black Life Item demonstration on June 7, 2020. Credit: Isabel Infantes / AFP / Getty Images
During the Black Lives Matter protest on Sunday, a Churchill statue standing in London’s Parliament Square was dared with the word “… racist”.
Despite an ongoing campaign for its removal, Oriel College has preserved the Cecil Rhodes sculpture so far. Credit: Carl Court / Getty Images
Helping build England’s empire in south Africa, Cecil Rhodes was immortalized in a statue outside Oriel College, part of Oxford University.
“It hates racism and discrimination of all kinds,” Oriel College said on Tuesday. The university said it supports the right to peaceful protest and believes in Black Lives Matter.
“As a college, we continue to discuss and discuss the controversial heritage examples related to Cecil Rhodes on our site.”
Oxford University did not respond to CNN’s request for comment.
In 2015, a statue of Rhodes was removed from the Cape Town University campus in South Africa.
“It represents the old colonial representation of that country – supremacy, racism, misogyny”, Ramabina Mahapa, the head of the student group that was carrying out the sculpture removal campaign at the time.
He deciphered his racist views to protest a statue of the Scottish Enlightenment philosopher David Hume. Credit: jpi media
In Edinburgh, the statue of the 18th-century Scottish philosopher David Hume was decorated with a poster that gave his views on his white superiority.
Hume is considered one of the leading thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment, and his bronze statue is found in Edinburgh Royal Mile, the main street of the city’s Old Town.
However, Hume’s fame has darkened in recent years, focusing more on his views on race. The sign left on the statue contains a line in Hume’s article titled “National Characters” that says “to suspect negativity … naturally lower than whites.”
Nelson’s Column towers on Trafalgar Square in central London, topped with a statue of Admiral Horatio Nelson. Credit: evenfh / Shutterstock
Scottish politician Henry Dundas statue stands on top of the Melville Monument in Edinburgh city.
Dundas, who served in a number of state posts, including the Minister of the Interior, is known to support the removal of slavery towards the end of the 18th century.
The campaigns instead took the name of the Scottish-Jamaican slave Joseph Knight, who was successfully released in courts, proving that Scotland did not recognize slavery.
William Gladstone served four times as Prime Minister of England in the 19th century. His father had slaves. Credit: View Pictures / Universal Images Group / Getty Images
Destroying sculptures is a form of dignified protest, from the overthrow of Lenin’s sculptures when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1989 to the demolition of Saddam Hussein’s monument in Baghdad in 2003.
These cases of destruction received wide applause in the Western world, but recent campaigns to lift the sculptures of controversial figures in places like the US and the UK shared the public.
An alternative approach was adopted in Paraguay, where artist Carlos Colombino was asked to redesign a statue of former dictator General Alfredo Stroessner, who ruled the country from 1954 to 1989. Two large cement blocks as a monument to the dictatorship victims.
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