The global attention is turning to the new Biden administration, specifically the US policy context on issues such as China, the Indo-Pacific and the four-part security dialogue, which have monitored some key developments in defense cooperation between the UK and Japan . On 3 February, the two countries held a fourth meeting of the Foreign and Defense Ministers between Japan and Britain, amid concerns over Brexit and then Britain. The 2 + 2 Dialogue, which began in 2015 when Japan took over the rotating leadership of CTF 151 for an anti-piracy operation in the Gulf of Aden, defined the ACSA (Acquisition and Comprehensive Services) Agreement as an important agreement . A pillar in security cooperation between the two countries.
As Foreign Minister Dominic Rab stated in the final round, Japan is “an important security partner and a constant friend of the UK”. The United Kingdom, which this year presides over a group of seven major industrialized nations with the United Nations Climate Change Conference, has particularly established good contacts with Japan. Japan has become a major focus of Britain’s emerging strategy in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The two sides recently signed an agreement on maritime security between the Royal Navy and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) to raise awareness about maritime zones (MDAs). It follows that after America, the British Army is the only country to train with the Japanese Army on Japanese soil.
There is no doubt that both sides moved very quickly to deepen maritime cooperation. In the second round of 2016, the Indo-Pacific region was not mentioned in the joint declaration. Japan only hoped that “Britain will play a more active and constructive role in the security environment for the Asia-Pacific region and contribute to the peace and stability of the region”. By the end of the third round in late 2017, the joint statement had evolved to take the initiative based on Japan’s “independent and open Indo-Pacific strategy” and to welcome greater UK participation in the Indo-Pacific region.
The partnership was further strengthened in a recent fourth round, in which the two ministers spoke of their commitment to “make the Indo-Pacific free and open territory a reality” and to “support an international rules-based order”. In the context of general concerns about China, he also cited “opposition to efforts to coercion with others in the region, including economic development”.
After Brexit, Great Britain wants to reestablish its anchor in the Indo-Pacific region. For example, “the return of the prodigious son” to a familiar territory after years of uneasy coexistence with continental Europe, an area that now appears to be anarchy.
One of the most significant results of the fourth round of the 2 + 2 Dialogue, is the largest British warship of HMS Queen Elizabeth, the largest warship in East Asia to team up with its Career Strike Group to improve and contribute to defense cooperation is. Indo-Pacific Region. And opened up. This should upset Beijing, which historically criticized Britain for “gunboat diplomacy” during the 19th-century opium wars when Britain ruled the high waves from the Suez Canal to Shanghai. The UK also emphasizes the fact that it may be a decreasing power compared to the height of its colonial pride, but it is certainly not a pursuit and is certainly not an easy task. The dispatch of Britain’s best warship to East Asia calls on one country to look afresh to its old partnerships in the Indian and Pacific oceans to compensate for the effects of the recent separation from Europe.
Japan and Britain’s relations have been a roller coaster ride for over a century. In 1854 Commodore Matthew c. Perry forced Japan to sign a trade treaty with the United States, with Japan quickly establishing a naval partnership with Great Britain, with most of its large warships built in the British arenas. France also used its vast technical capabilities to aid Japan, but Britain was still the preferred partner. Japan’s defeat of China in 1894–1895 made it an essential ally against the backdrop of growing fantasies with Britain’s dominant power in Asia and with China. There is no doubt that Japan acquired the most advanced naval platforms and technologies of the time, and the introduction of British operational training units played a key role in the naval victory over Russia at the 1905 Battle of Tushima, a first example of Asian power. Defeated a European. The nation. The Anglo-Japanese alliance (1902–1923) continued during World War I when the Japanese Imperial Navy pursued German warships to aid Britain in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The time before World War II, however, was due to the fact that the two countries split up and ended up as opponents in Kohima’s battle in India in Southeast Asia.
It is not surprising that, given its long history of maritime cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region, the UK and Japan will come together again. Britain’s call for Japan to join the “Five Eyes” Intelligence Alliance could strengthen its momentum, with the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and Canada joining.
An interesting aspect of the Anglo-Japanese alliance in the past is the history of the origins of Japanese curry. Today the world’s only “curry festival” takes place in Yokosuka, a port in Japan that has emerged in the history of cooperation between the two countries. It is said that the seamen of the Japanese Imperial Navy suffered from beriberi due to nutritional deficiencies. The British Navy had explicitly proposed that wheat flour be consumed, rich in vitamins. However, their staple diet was rice, and Japanese seafood did not take it lightly for such exotic foods. The British Navy shared the ubiquitous Indian curry recipe, which is readily available with chefs on board. The difference was that the sauce was intentionally made from a mixture of curry powder and wheat flour. Combined with rice, the “Japanese Curry” was accepted by the Marine Classification with juicy ingredients made from meat, poultry and vegetables and is an instant hit. Since then it has been at the forefront of popular offerings throughout Japan. The day the extended quadruped excludes Great Britain is far from over and Curry will appear as a common denominator in naval exercises, especially because it is already extremely popular in Australia. Perhaps the United States would easily replace hamburger with curry, knowing how popular it is in the Indo-Pacific.
This article was first published on 10 March 2021 under the title Eastern Turn of Reading Britain. Former Ambassador, the author is currently the Director General of the Manohar Barikar Institute for Defense Studies and Analytics in New Delhi. Opinions expressed are personal