Weekend Science Ticket. Transport play it autonomously

Passengers waiting for an autonomous metro in Paris. (BIM / E + / GETTY IMAGES)

Whether we are talking about automated pilots for planes, drones or even autonomous vehicles that run on Mars, automation has long been in transportation. From now on, it is the autonomous car that is becoming a reality, but many factors have to be taken into consideration.

Automation functions are being developed to provide active safety, with automatic safety braking, trajectory control, distance regulation from the front car. The fully autonomous car is reserved for commercial use for the distribution or transportation of people.

Michel Fossier, Valeo Technical and Marketing Director

International regulations are being implemented to accelerate the marketing of self-driving cars. However, this cannot be done without some conditions. For example, vehicles must drive at speeds less than 60 km / h, have a black box on board, or travel on roads with physical separation between the two directions of travel.

To carry out these measures, Michel Forsier explains thatIn terms of security, we use ultrasonic sensors, cameras, radars, lasers called LIDARs. The data from all these sensors are integrated into a computer that will offer trajectory control or emergency braking.

With 98% of accidents due to human error, we can expect these innovations to bring us closer to zero accidents. Manufacturers are already working in this direction, developing cameras that blink drivers’ eyes to detect fatigue and reduce the risk of falling asleep at the wheel.

Alstom's MP14 metros (autonomous), were put into commercial service here on December 14, 2020, on the extension of Line 14, a few days before their inauguration.  This metro now serves the full line 14 from Olympiads station to Mary's Day St.  Oion Station.
Alstom’s MP14 metros (autonomous) were put into commercial service on the extension of Line 14 on December 14, 2020, a few days before its inauguration here. This metro now serves all of Line 14, the Olympiads’ station station at Mairey de Saint-Owen. (BERTRAND GUAY / AFP)

If the autonomous car is talked about, the railway will not wait to “hang the wagons” of this innovation. Now for 40 years, the automated metro has reduced wait times every day. The performance is such that this automation now allows frequencies every two minutes. However, Stephen Ferre-Beaumont, Director of Innovation and Intelligent Mobility at Alstom, explained to us that we should not confuse automatic and autonomy: “Here, we are talking about trains whose environments need to be seen: obstacles, signaling etc.

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From now on, Alstom wants to move forward by offering autonomous regional trains, for the first time in the world. One way to improve performance. In addition, all efforts are made to deal with computer bugs and other cyber attacks.

Innovations follow each other and now allow us to envision a driverless future. A driverless taxi that will take you anywhere, anytime, or that will bring homegrown youth out of nightclubs is tomorrow! For buses or trains, it is for the day after tomorrow. It remains to determine responsibilities in the event of an accident and protect themselves from bugs or cybercriminals. But it is not certain that passengers shock each other in unmanned aircraft!

Meanwhile, automation should not make us forget that humans should be able to keep it under control. The recent loss of two Boeing 737 Max reminds us of this.

CHer chronicle to search in the video below.

Echoes :
The future of autonomous cars lies in public transport

Futura science :
Electric and Autonomous Vehicles: Tomorrow’s Transport
Autonomous trains: what benefits will there be for users?

New factory :
Alstom to test its autonomous regional trains in Germany

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About the Author: Abbott Hopkins

Analyst. Amateur problem solver. Wannabe internet expert. Coffee geek. Tv guru. Award-winning communicator. Food nerd.

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