Dr. Kishore Kulkarni – [email protected]
Climate change is affecting people all over the world in one way or another. Some countries have studied climate change and, to a large extent, successfully dealt with it. This includes adaptation, adjustment, and treatment. What is the situation in India? How prepared are we to face the crisis of climate change? Maharashtra’s action plan for climate change is ready, according to which preparations are being made for adaptation and measures. Let’s take a look at some special features.
Nandurbar district will be the most difficult due to climate change, followed by Dhule district and Buldhana district. Climate change will have zero impact on Satara district, followed by Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg.
The meteorological model suggests that both temperature and rainfall are expected to increase. The average temperature in Amravati and Aurangabad has increased significantly. The average temperature of the Amravati region will increase to 1.64 ° C in 2030, 2.35 ° C in 2050 and 3.46 ° C in 2070. Now about the average temperature in Aurangabad division – 1.56 ° C in 2030, 2.30 ° C in 2050 and 3.38 ° C in 2070. The temperature rise in the Konkan, Pune and Nashik divisions, however, is fatal to food production. In addition, potato production is likely to decline. Paddy, sorghum and cotton declined. Heat waves are likely to increase in the Konkan and Nashik divisions. This will increase the incidence of infectious diseases such as malaria. By 2030, this problem will increase in Thane and Raigad districts, while by 2050 the incidence of these diseases will increase in Aurangabad, Jalna and Nashik districts. It will not rain for a long time and if it does, it will rain. It will be in Aurangabad and Nashik divisions. The rainfall in Amravati division will increase by 17.5–30 percent by 2030 and by 22.5–32.5 percent by 2050. The drought-hit districts of Ahmednagar, Solapur, Beed, Latur and Osmanabad will be further affected. If it rains, it will be in the form of additional rain. Overall, those districts will suffer a lot.
Subjects like thunderclap, lightning and air pollution are excluded from the action plan. Thunderstorms may occur with strong thunderstorms or thunder. It was raining heavily. There is a flood. Hailstory is mentioned in the action plan, but there is no solution. The German Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) states that many air pollutants that are harmful to human health are causing climate change. This is because they absorb heat from the sun rather than reflect it. Some pollutants heat the air, while others cool it. These include methane, black carbon, ground ozone, and sulfate colloids. Scientists of Indian Meteorological Department in Pune have urged to include air pollution in the action plan at the earliest.
Forests are the cheapest and effective way to reduce carbon and prevent climate change. Our country’s 6,640 million hectares of forest absorb about 1.5 gigatons of carbon. Not only this, they work to balance the environment and prevent climate change. Forests have an effect on air humidity as well as carbon absorption, temperature and rainfall control. The forests have higher absolute air and relative humidity than forest areas. Evaporation of water from forest lands is reduced due to coverings. Thus the overall air and soil moisture in the forest area is higher than in the forest area. Therefore forests should be protected and trees should be planted. Not only sound education but also its vigilance and dedication is most important. This helps to keep the ecosystem in good condition. Forest management can fight climate change.
The rainwater falling on the bushy ground does not fall at all but the leaves, twigs, twigs, trunks and then it lands on the surface of the trees. This water is then slowly added to the soil. The roots of the trees absorb water. The speed of water is controlled in this process. It also does not adversely affect the soil. This water flows through slow and clear springs as well as mud springs pores and is likely to last longer. On the other hand, the water falling on the non-irrigated land immediately flows from the surface and the soil there is also washed away by the water. Therefore, if the catchment area does not have well-maintained forests, heavy rains can lead to large-scale soil erosion and rapid erosion. Every year about 500 million tonnes of soil is transported in India in this way. Large-scale soil erosion reduces the water storage capacity of silt in hydropower and irrigation reservoirs. These types of dams are being built in many parts of the world. The best solution is to maintain forests in the catchment area. Many plants, animals and birds depend on forests for their livelihoods, and forests are important as a forest for such biodiversity. Our country and our state are centers of biodiversity. Sahyadri is the origin of many food crops. The 2010 Global Forest Products Report states that India ranks 10th in this regard. According to the 2017 report, the total available forest area in India is about 24.4 percent. Keeping in mind the importance of forests, we have a very good forest management plan. They are included in the 7th Schedule of our Constitution. So the central and state governments can enact forest laws. Since it is under the law to grow forests, the rule of planting trees has been laid. That’s why we celebrate Van Mahotsav. Plans have been made to plant trees. It is also mentioned in the IPCC report.
India developed a National Action Plan on Climate Change in 2008 to deal with the effects of climate change. Various programs were done for this. The eight programs are solar energy, sustainable housing, water, protection of Himalayan ecosystems, plantations, sustainable agriculture and climate change. Of course, climate change tops the list. The first is to reduce carbon dioxide. Environmental protection and adaptation are two important issues in the National Action Plan. Their pair have eternity. Now out of the eight programs mentioned, four have knowledge of recycling and recycling, three with adjustment and optimization and one. All eight incidents show how dramatically we have taken action against climate change and global warming. Our country has prepared a Climate Change Action Plan to combat climate change, but to implement the plan properly, it has set up a National Adaptation Fund to ensure that there is no shortage of funds. is.
They should be told how to use the funds given to the people from the national treasury. The primary issue is forest management. It also includes plantation and afforestation, which increases the forest area so that people can get employment and afforestation. Efforts will be made to conserve biodiversity through such programs. India has registered in the International Red + Scheme to prevent deforestation and degradation.
The Redd + plan has been developed by the United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization, Development Program and Environment Program to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases generated by deforestation and deforestation.
Carbon credit points are awarded under the Redd + scheme. That is, local people are given economic benefits for their green earth efforts. Like carbon credits there is a fixed amount. These plans have been prepared at the state and national levels. It also has a plan to encourage farmers through the Ministry of Environment. Greenhouse gases can be reduced or controlled in two ways. One is to ensure that greenhouse gas emissions are reduced. To slow down the agricultural process, stop it if possible and prevent deforestation. The second type is a plan to release greenhouse gases into the Earth’s atmosphere through forest conservation, forest management and forest expansion. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research has developed new varieties of crops. These are species that can grow in shallow water, even in the desert. They have also developed new varieties. These are just some of the round setting shareware you can use.
Crops should be able to deal with climate change. In addition, different types of crops are yet to be handled. In areas where specific crops did not come before, new ones should be started. An attempt should be made to have more than one crop in a season. This is how we can deal with climate change. The most important thing is that the farmer must have the courage and confidence to face this natural disaster only then he will take preventive and careful steps.
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First Published on December 25, 2020 7:49 pm
Web Title: Vidnyan dd70 changing climate
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