The waters will become the world’s largest marine sanctuary across the remote British Ocean region in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
The Tristan da Cunha government has declared 7,687,000 square kilometers (2,265,000 square miles) of maritime protection in its waters – three times the size of the United Kingdom.
The new reserve will serve as a no-tech zone, meaning fishing and other harmful activities will be banned, in an effort to protect nearby wildlife, and in the vicinity, albatrosses, penguins, whales, sharks and islands will be disciplined.
This means that the people of the archipelago, which will observe the most remote populated island on the planet, the largest no-tech zone in the Atlantic Ocean and the fourth largest marine reserve in the world, ists
The Tristan da Cunar protection zone became part of the UK’s “Blue Belt” of protected areas in the vicinity of foreign territories, which it monitors using satellite technology.
The sanctuary is supported by the local community and an international partnership, and will protect a largely uninhabited “nature sanctuary” for millions of seabirds and other wildlife.
Stable fishing will be allowed for 10% of the island’s local waters for the population, and 90% of the area will be closed for activities.
It came 25 years after Goff Island, which belongs to the archipelago, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as a unique wildlife habitat.
Chief Islander James Glass said his community is committed to conservation and half the land has already received protection status.
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“But the sea is a vital resource for our economy and ultimately for our long-term survival
“That’s why we’re fully protecting 90% of our water – and we’re proud that we can play a key role in protecting the health of the ocean,” he said.
RSPB chief executive Becky Speed said the new protections would be “the crown of the UK’s maritime security”.
“Tristan da Cunha is a place like no other. The UK is one of the richest in the world in terms of the amount of water that surrounds this remote area.
“Millions of seabirds have risen above the waves, penguins and seals have scattered on the beaches, threatened sharks breed on the beaches and mysterious whales feed on deep water canyons.
“From today, we can say that all of this is safe,” he said.
The UK Environment Minister Lord Goldsmith said: “We are spreading life from the oceans at an astonishing rate, so this new marine protected area is truly a huge conservation victory and an important step towards protecting the world’s biodiversity and ecosystem.
“This means that our fantastic Blue Belt Program has about four million square kilometers (1.5 million square miles) of protected seas around the UK’s overseas territories.”
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