The world’s most powerful X-ray is almost done

In the United States, thirty meters underground, a stone’s throw from Stanford University, scientists are fine-tuning the latest settings for the most powerful X-rays. It could revolutionize the way we study the building blocks of the world. ‘The universe.

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here is Linac Coherent Light Source II, Where LCLS-II, It is located thirty meters underground in the facilities of Slack, the particle accelerator laboratory located near Stanford University in the United States. it is the most powerful x-ray laser, This type of beam is produced by a particle accelerator.

it’s going through a series ofmagnet that he comes to produce Ryan X, The latter is capable of heating in less than a billionth of a second atoms up to a million degrees. a way to clear atoms Their electrons to examine them or a . To “film” the development of molecule interacting with the structure of another or even definite protein, It is a type of atomic resolution microscope. Scientists can use these X-rays to make molecular films.

Presentation video of the LCLS, the first version of X-Ray. © Slac

1,000,000 pulses per second

Its predecessor, the LCLS, was already capable of producing X-ray pulses a thousand times faster than anything else in the world. matter, With this version 2, laser The X-ray will be 10,000 times brighter than its predecessor. The laser is located in the 3 km long tunnel of the old Particle accelerator Linear from the center. While the LCLS peaked at 120 light pulses per second, this new version would manage to produce 1 million pulses per second, i.e. one pulse under one. femtosecond,

Such velocity dramatically increases the definition of what scientists can “see” and would allow access to experiments that were previously impossible to perform. Researchers had to modify the design of parent From X-ray to be able to channel your release from Heat, For this, they have integrated a series of modules super conductor Maintained at -271 °C. On this last day of the year, researchers are making final adjustments to be able to test LCLS-II by activating its first beam in January. The actual X-rays are expected to be generated next summer.

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