The United Nations has warned that if leaders do not make the right decisions to recover from epidemics to curb environmental problems and social inequalities, the global crisis will turn into a crisis, in contrast to the gains made in recent decades in the fight against health, education, social freedom and poverty.
A new report from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) says the unprecedented effects of the coronavirus epidemic, combined with the global environmental crisis it is facing, threaten to bring back human progress and development, have left global societies weaker and more incomplete. A new report says.
Pedro Conciano, director of UNDP and lead author of its latest Human Development Report, published on Tuesday, said the government was now holding national elections and that they would affect different societies around the world over the next few years.
“We are bringing together unprecedented financial institutions to tackle the epidemic, and we can choose to allocate in ways that add to the disparities or reduce the pressure on the planet,” he said.
These include stimulus packages that favor fossil fuels or add to the use of volatile resources, and spend that fail to address health and education issues.
“These choices are being made as we speak,” he said. “The consequences are before our eyes. Climate change may seem far-fetched to some people but it is already happening, we are seeing evidence of it. We don’t have time to live anymore. ”
The Guardian has discovered that countries are still failing to deliver on their promise to “recover green” from the Covid-19 crisis and pouring money into the existing high-carbon economies instead of moving forward. Experts warn that time is running out, as funds devoted to fossil fuels will increase emissions over the next few decades. These greenhouse gas emissions, which fell this spring as many countries have been hit by lockdowns, are already starting to resume.
UNDP Report The Next Frontier: On the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Human Development and Anthropocene Annual Report on Human Development, no country has ever achieved high material progress without spending so much on the planet.
But if countries are judged by the use of their carbon footprint and resources and the damage they do, the report says, the progress that has been made to date in most parts of the rich world will be erased by existing and future losses by overuse of our ecosystems and carbon emissions. This is because of the ecosystem we depend on.
For 30 years, the Human Development Report has focused not only on the economy, but also on countries’ health, education and living standards. Two new elements have been adopted in the new report to reflect the massive increase in resource use and impact on climate in recent years: material use and carbon footprint.
Jayathma Vikramanaya, the UN Secretary-General’s envoy for youth, told the youth that most of the burden of environmental damage would fall on the youth: “Although humanity has achieved incredible things, it is clear that we value our planet.
“Young people around the world have spoken out, recognizing that these steps have put our collective future at risk. In order to sustain energy and material use – we need to change our relationship with the planet. “
The epidemic exacerbated existing inequalities, Consio said. The Human Development Report highlights the participation of women in the workforce in Mexico, Chile and Colombia. It was a ward upward trend, but has declined by 10 percentage points by the epidemic, in contrast to the positive changes of the decade.
Economic and social inequalities have been exacerbated: access to health care has been denied to many poor people as global health systems are overwhelmed; Even children, even in developed countries, who lack internet access or reliable electricity, have dropped out of school when classes are forced online.
Belinda Ryers, director of the Stockholm Resilience Center, who contributed to the Human Development Report, said that human well-being and progress must take into account the environment, planetary pressures and climate.
“Crisis events such as the coronavirus epidemic show that in our hyper-connected, rapidly changing world, the environment and human development are no longer separate or distinct. They are deeply involved, “he said.” From now on, human development is about choosing what is best for humans and the planet. “