The normalization of relations between Morocco and Israel has been taking place for months. – Israel Valley

J on the radio normalization of relationships Between Morocco and Israel comes into effect in months.

In the program:

1. Many strings,

2. Direct commercial flights between the two countries and

3. The reciprocal opening of the embassies in “a few months”, according to Yair Lapid, the head of Israeli diplomacy, who made his first official visit to Rabat on August 11, 2021.

According to a recent survey, more than 40% of Moroccans support the agreement.

Political cooperation and cyber security.

a. Political cooperation, aviation, culture, sports … During the first official visit to Morocco, several agreements were signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Israel, Yair Lapid, who praised the “resumption of peace and friendship”.

B. One of the first achievements is undoubtedly the launch of direct commercial airlines between the two countries. Before the pandemic, thousands of Israelis, mostly of Moroccan origin, visited the kingdom every year, but had to pass through other countries.

c. Morocco and Israel also signed a cooperation agreement on cyber defense in Rabat last July, which is related to ” operational collaboration, research, development and information sharing“, as indicated by Israel’s National Cyber ​​Security Directorate.

Recently, the state was accused of using the spyware Pegasus designed by the Israeli company NSO. Rabat categorically denied “These are false and baseless allegations” and started legal proceedings.

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majority of. What do we know about standardization between the two countries and what is it really changing?

Generalizing against Western Sahara.

The issue of normalizing relations between Rabat and Tel Aviv was revived in February 2020 by former US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo during an official visit to Morocco. Morocco had shown itself ready to make a gesture in return for American support for the question of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony claimed by the separatists from Polisario, supported by Morocco and Algeria.

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In December, Washington officially recognized Morocco’s full sovereignty over the disputed territory of Western Sahara for the first time in its history. Morocco is on the path of standardization.

New Arab country on the list.

Morocco is the fourth Arab country to normalize its relations with Israel in 2020 under the leadership of the United States, after the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan. Before him was Egypt in 1979, then Jordan in 1994 within the framework of peace agreements.

This is not the first time that Morocco has come close to Israel. The two countries maintained official relations from 1993 to 2000. There were no embassies, but there were “liaison offices” which were closed after the Second Intifada (rebellion) of the Palestinians. The latter take a dim view of rapprochement with Israel and qualify it as “treason”. In Morocco, a section of the population opposes any normalization with the Hebrew state. According to a recent survey, more than 40% of Moroccans support the agreement.

a large Jewish community

The Moroccan Jewish community, which has existed since ancient times, is the largest in North Africa with about 3,000 people. A number that sounds ridiculous in 2021 when we know the state has over 30 million residents. Yet in the 1940s, they were about 250,000, or 10% of the population.

But many people left after Israel was established in 1948. Today, more than 700,000 Israelis are of Moroccan origin and often maintain strong ties with their country of origin.

Even before normalizing its diplomatic relations with Israel, Morocco began a school reform that integrated the teaching of the history and culture of the Jewish community. For the first time in the Arab world.

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