Some animals have feelings too

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[EN VIDÉO] Animal intelligence: the elephant will be mindful of its body
An Asian elephant brilliantly passes an intelligence test that a two-year-old fails: You can’t pull the carpet if you’re on it. The experiment, conducted by the association Think Elephants International, shows that the elephant is aware of its body, as also shown by the mirror test. A rare ability in the animal world.

Did you know that a feeling is not the same as an emotion? That’s what scientists tell us. Happiness, sadness, anger, fear, these are feelings, Immediate, brief and irrational physical reactions to a situation. In our BrainEverything happens at the level of the amygdala. That little element hidden in our mind limbic — the oldest part of our brain, the site of our emotions — that orders the release ofhormones in response to a stimulus. Again, it’s our body that puts itself in Speed, For example, when a spider is encountered, it withdraws or it cries.

Emotions are unique to each of us. They are built on the basis of our mental representations. They can keep up with the times. and they correspond above all to a complex process that takes place in cortex, Case Grey. This area of ​​the brain in which functions such as memory, reasoning, language, or consciousness are performed. so that at this level AngerWhat is actually an emotion, if suppressed, can turn into hatred, which is an emotion.

But then again, are animals capable of experiencing emotions? it’s here big debate question within the scientific community. It must be said that, for more than forty years, researchers first debated the question of emotion. Today, ethicists point out that emotion has three components. First, it has a physiological component that determines how the body responds to stimuli. Then there is the behavioral component that allows you to express your feelings. In the end, a cognitive component remains that leads to a certain choice. It is on this basis that researchers point out that many animal species experience emotions. Physiological measurements – such as heart rate – or behavioral observations – ear position or tail posture – can tell scientists about this. For example, there is evidence that elephants feel sad when faced with the loss of one of them. Dogs are happy when their human comes home after a day’s work.

awareness of self and others at the center of the problem

When it comes to emotions, things get complicated. Because, by definition, they are to some extent subjective interpretations of feelings. They arise from the fact that we are able to identify the causes and effects of emotions. For researchers studying humans, questions are likely to be asked—all the same—with the risk of receiving only socially acceptable or simply wrong answers, because even correctly identifying one’s own emotions isn’t always obvious. But the animals themselves are not able to answer.

And if the secret of feelings ultimately resides in the ability to first take Consciousness, Maybe a little more in the ability to obey the other? This is a hypothesis supported by some ethicists. But there are animals that are now known to be mindful of their bodies. Known for copying and interpreting the feelings of others, sharing their desires, and even understanding what others believe. Yes, you read that right. was used on great apes, our close cousins, of course, but it was decisive. He has also shown himself capable of understanding false beliefs, The man who was last in search of something saw it. Even if the monkeys saw the motion of the object in question.

To find out whether and how animals interpret their emotions into emotions, researchers will still need to conduct further studies. For example, multi-method studies that can combine behavioral and cognitive observations and neurophysiological and hormonal data. Meanwhile, ethologists suggest assuming that animals are indeed endowed with emotions, until proven otherwise. If only to be able to better meet their needs. One suggestion… not so dumb!

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