The Egyptian Antiquities Ministry announced on Monday that archaeologists have discovered the remains of a military ship and a funeral complex in the ancient Egyptian city of Heraklion, sunk in the Mediterranean Sea.
The discovery was made during underwater excavations at Heraklion (Thenis in ancient Egypt), one of the country’s main ports at the mouth of the Nile, until Alexander the Great in 331 BC at Alexandria. The city was not founded.
The city, discovered in 2001, was submerged after a series of earthquakes and high tides.
“A Franco-Egyptian mission (…) found the wreckage of a military ship from the Ptolemaic era and the remains of a Greek funeral complex from the 4th century BC,” the ministry said. Egyptian Antiquities in a Press Release.
According to the first deduction by archaeologists, this flat-bottomed vessel, with wide oars, a mast and sail, was 25 meters long and was used for navigation in the Nile Delta.
According to him, the ship was to be moored at the pier of the ancient temple of Amun and may have sunk after the building collapsed in an earthquake in the 2nd century BC.
“The discovery of ships from this period is extremely rare,” said Franck Godio of the European Institute of Underwater Archeology, who led the mission.
Researchers have also discovered a funeral complex that indicates the presence of Greek merchants in the area during the late period of ancient Egypt.
According to the ministry, the Greeks then dominated the area and built funerary temples there. He further said that the remains of these temples were discovered underwater “in excellent condition”.
The ministry noted that these latest discoveries “reflect the prosperity of temples in this city which is now located in the Mediterranean Sea”.
According to experts, the Egyptian authorities regularly announce archaeological discoveries, sometimes without waiting for the conclusions of the experts in charge of the necessary scientific analyzes and keeping them in perspective.
Cairo has announced a number of important archaeological discoveries in recent months with hopes of reviving tourism, a region that has faced great difficulties since the 2011 revolution that left former President Hosni Mubarak today amid the coronavirus pandemic. was removed from power.