Thirty candidates are running for succession to Mahamadou Issouf. The latter could not run for a third term due to the dual constitutional lock.
Niger is holding a general election at the end of the year. Regional and local but also presidential and legislative elections. Outgoing President Mahamadou Issoufu is not running for re-election after his two terms. These are the first elections, which should establish a democratic alternative in the country since independence. The democratic process was disrupted by the three democracies in 1996, 1999 and 2010.
Thirty candidates are running for the presidential election on December 27, 2020. This abundance of candidates is the first in the country. In the last presidential election in 2016, there were only 15 candidates.
Who are the main candidates?
Among the main candidates to succeed Mahamadou Issoufou, we can cite Bazoum Mohammed who is the successor to the outgoing president. He is running for the highest post for the first time.
The first democratically elected President of Niger in 1993 is Mahamana Osman. He came 4th in the 2011 and 2016 elections.
Former Prime Minister Seni Oumarou of the late President Mamdou Tandja is also a candidate. He qualified in the second round of the 2011 presidential election, which was held under the leadership of General Salu Jibio. Mahamadou Issoufou, the current President will win this election. But in 2016, Seni Oumarou found herself in third place after Hama Amadou.
The latter saw his constitutionality this year in 2017 in a case of child trafficking convicted by the Constitutional Court.
His instructions to vote for the presidential election may play a role. He called upon his workers to vote for Mahaman Osman on 27 December. Nigerian political analyst Drs. According to Solaye Adji, “Ham Amadou made this choice, creating a very important momentum for candidate Mahaman Ousman, who would be in good shape for the second round.”
Former coup leader Salu Jibio, who led the 2010 coup that overthrew Mamadou Tandja, is also a candidate. It is presented under the color of a new party: Peace Justice Progress.
Albade Abouba of the Patriotic Movement for the Republic is also underway. He was a minister several times. His party is heavily represented in the outgoing National Assembly with 13 national presidents.
Former Foreign Minister Ibrahim Yakuba of Mahamadou Issoufou is also running for the highest position. He garnered just 5% of the votes in the 2016 presidential election.
Other presidential candidates
Mr. Abdullah Souleman of the “Niger N Avant” Party (NIGERENA);
M. Abdul Qadri Oumarou Alfa, du Groupait Gaia Zaibe;
Mr. Amadou Baubassar Lead of Democracy and Republic (UDR TABBAT);
Mr. Amadou Issoufou Saudou, Independent candidate;
M. Amadou Osman, part of ADEN Karkara;
Mr. Jibril Bar Monsara of the Popular Forces Association for Democracy and Progress (UDFP SAWABA);
Mr. Hamidou Mamadou Abdu from the African National Assembly (RANAA);
Mr. Hasan Baraje Moussa from Nigeria and the Nigerian Alliance for Democracy and Progress (ANDP-Zaman Lahia);
Mr. Ibrahim Gado of the Republican Council for Progress and Democracy (CRPD-SULHU);
Mr. Edi Enzo Osman from the Alliance for Democracy and the Republic (ADR-Mahita);
Mr. Idrissa Isofu from the Citizen Movement for Development (MCD, Jarumin Talakawa);
Mr. Intinsar Alhashane of the Nigerian Party for Peace and Development (PNPD AKAL KASSA)
M. Ismail Oumaro Ide, do Funn-Niger Kam Kanka
Mr. Kane Kadoure Habibou, from Synergy of Democrats for the Republic (SDR-Sabuwa);
Mr. Mahaman Hamisou Moumouni from Justice and Development Party (PJD-Hakika);
M. Mamadou Doula Talata, RSP A’Adili’s;
Mr. Mounkela Issa, from the Nigerian Rally for Democracy and Peace (RNDP- Enema Bani Zumbou);
Mr. Mothafa Mamadou Motfa from PRPN Haskin Gari;
M. Nayusa Nasirau, D CDPS Sigban Casa;
Mr. Omar Hameido Tichiana, from the Alliance for Emerging Movements of Niger (AMEN-AMIN);
M. Oumarou Abdurrahman, De Lunap Inkin Africa;
Mr. Oumaru Malam Alma from Rally for Peace and Progress (RPP-Farilla);
Mr. Sagbo Adolphe, from PS Imani;
M. Soulemin Garba, PNC Mulura.
Waiting for the challenges of the next president
Security is undoubtedly the major challenge facing the next president. The country faces insecurity in the southeast in the Defa region, bordering Nigeria. Infiltration of Boko Haram elements mourns families and disrupts the peace of the population. The most recent attack is on the night of 12 to 13 December and around 30 people were killed in Toumur. The village was set on fire by the attackers. In the northwestern part of the country, the region of Tilbiri, which surrounds Mali, is rife with attacks by armed terrorist groups.
Various candidates make good governance an essential topic of their campaign. But for Maman Wada of the Anti-Corruption Association of Niger, good governance is more than a speech in practice, “In Niger, the victory of power comes from the distribution of coalitions, positions and roles; it is not far from corrupt conduct,” he told the BBC Told. He hopes that the next president will ensure that an anti-corruption law is passed in the country.
The Election Commission on 22 December published the provisional results of the 13 December municipal election. The Nigerian Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS), while in power since 2011, won 1,799 municipal council seats out of 4,246 seats in 266 municipalities in the country.
It is followed by the National Movement for the Development Society (MNSD, the party of the late President Mamadou Tandja) with 353 seats.
The Patriotic Movement for the Republic (MPR affiliated in power) comes third with 356 seats. It is chaired by Albade Abuba, who has recently held the post of Minister of Agriculture.
The Nigerian Democratic Movement led by former Prime Minister Hama Amado won 268 seats. These local elections have been postponed several times since 2011.
What about the Nigerian constitutional lock?
The constitution was enacted on November 25, 2010 in Niger, following the coup that overthrew President Mamadou Tandez on February 18, 2010.
The officers who led the coup justify their act to remain in power after their two constitutional stipulations by a change of constitution run by Mamadou Tandja.
In order to prevent the country from a new attempt of constitutional amendment to remain in power, the original law of November 25, 2010 provides for all locked articles.
It is about Article 47, paragraph 2 which states “In any case, no one can use more than two (2) presidential mandates or extend the mandate for any reason”.
Explaining this provision, Abdu Maumouni University teacher-researcher in Nimay, Dr. Amadou Hassain Baubaker believes that “whatever will happen to the President of the Republic Isoufou Mahamadu will come at the end of his second and final presidential term.” Cannot expand his mandate in any way.
The second bolt of the Nigerian Constitution is in its Article 175 which “sets out the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 47 and (2) of the Constitution which cannot be subject to any amendment”.
And Dr. Amadou Hasne Baubaker, a constitutionalist, has added Article 1 Hass5 after Articles 1 and 2 were locked in Articles 1 and 5, which introduces a provision that closes itself.
All these provisions constitute the “move that the 2010 Nigerian constituent found to close the possibility for the President of the Republic to stand for election after its two constitutional terms” indicate constitutionalism.
But, according to him, all these obstacles can be replaced by a change of constitution, which means a change of republic.
Niger is currently in its 7th republic which means that the country has experienced seven formations since independence in 1960.