Sunday 14 February 2021
Despite 193 flags in front of the United Nations Headquarters, membership in the United Nations is not a measure of a state’s existence. Scientists speak of a state when it can rule a region and a people.
When you go on holiday in Denmark, you should not hoist the Romanian flag in front of your holiday home, as it is prohibited. According to Danish law, only the flags of the Nordic countries, the European Union and the United Nations can be flagged by private individuals. | Photos (2): Pixabay
For the state funeral of former German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, the funeral standard of the Federal Republic of Germany was added to the heart: the Confederate eagle on a black background. In addition, the coffin of the person who died in 2015 is covered with the so-called Confederate flag, commonly used only by state officials. | Photo: Wikimedia Commons
A total of 193 state flags fly in front of the United Nations (UN) headquarters in New York City (USA). Their presence is often related to a historical event, but sometimes to characteristics that are associated with the religious attitudes of the population or founders of the state. Flags and flags have also been closely associated with armed conflicts throughout the history of mankind. Legends of Julius Caesar advanced the North with standards on which Roman eagles could be seen and the Crusaders marched into the Holy Land with flags protected by the Pope. If soldiers die these days, their coffins are often covered with the national flag. For you we answer the most important and exciting questions about vexillology, as it is called the flag and the science of flags.
What is the difference between flags and banners?
A flag is a closed piece firmly attached to a pole. It is often decorated with symbols or letters, sometimes with ornate coats of arms and intricate representations. Each flag is available only once and is therefore well maintained. In the Middle Ages it flowed into palaces and palaces and was popular loot. The Transylvanian Saxons decorated their churches with so-called brotherhood flags for church services.
On the other hand, flags are a simply designed mass product that is easy to replace. They are usually a square, colored cloth. The flags are also not attached directly to a stick, but are drawn along a line. Unlike flags, flags can always be replaced with samples that look similar. In international football matches you can often see the so-called sea of flags in stadiums.
Flags and banners also include standards, banners and pennets. Standards were used by armies in earlier centuries and had badges attached to a pole, often decorated with an image of an animal. The highest-ranking symbol of the Roman giants was the already mentioned eagle. Today you can often see the standard on vehicles of heads of state.
What kind of flags are there?
Flags are commonly used by organizations such as state officials, the Red Cross or companies. In addition, ships also carry shipping company, signal and identification flags. Every merchant ship registered in the International Shipping Register must also fly the merchant flag on the stern, which is usually similar to the national flag.
The national flag is, in turn, the most visible symbol of a state. It is a symbol of their independence, independence and unity. It is especially hoisted in front of ministries like government buildings, but you can also see it in front of town halls or police stations. In Romania, 26 June is National Flag Day.
Apart from states, many large organizations also have their own flags. The most famous flags include the Red Cross, NATO’s white compass rose or the United Nations globe by two olive branches. Christian churches also use their own flags: the Catholic Church has adopted the yellow and white flags of former papal states and Protestants use a white flag with a purple cross.
When is the flag used?
In all countries, customs and laws govern the occasions and days on which flags are hoisted. These include national holidays, historical and religious remembrance days, or mourning days. However, flags are used only from sunrise to sunset.
On mourning days the flag is hoisted only at half-mast, that is, it is first drawn up above the flag and then positioned slightly above the mast. This practice goes back to the 17th century. After the death of a king, the location above the flag should be symbolically reserved for the invisible banner of death.
A flag that is never raised at half mast is the “Royal Standard” – the official flag of the British Queen or British King. Because the formal head of state of the United Kingdom is never dead. If the regent dies, the real heir to the throne immediately replaces him.
Which is the oldest national flag in the world?
According to legend, this occurred on June 15, 1219: King Waldemar II of Denmark fought against the pagan Estonians at the Battle of Lindencius – today’s Tallinn. For the Danes, who had previously won many wars, things were not good that day. But when the battle seemed as good as defeat, Danish bishops gathered on a hill and pleaded with God for help. Then it is said that the sky has opened and a big red cloth with white cross has floated on the earth. A visual sign that gave the Danes new courage and eventually inspired them to conquer the Estonian. Since then, the “Danbrog” has been the national symbol of the dens, although it was declared a state flag only in 1854.
In today’s sense the national flag has only existed since the American Revolution (1763 to 1789) and the French Revolution (1789 to 1799). During this time, the flag established itself as a national symbol, representing the citizens of a country. This development was initiated by the emergence of a bourgeois nation-state, which originated in two revolutions. In the American Revolution, the “Thirteen Colonies” fought to secede from the British Empire, and in the French Revolution, the French fought against the king and his feudal-autocratic corporate state.
Without a doubt, however, Danbrög, in which the Dane has made steady profits for more than 600 years, is one of the oldest national symbols.
What are the most popular colors for national flags?
British, French and Dutch flags are common. Their colors are: red, white and blue. The colonialism of the three countries again raised their flags in the world. Unexpectedly, these three colors are most commonly used in national flags. Only one country recognized by the United Nations does not use any of the three colors. Jamaica is a former British colony, with the St. Andrew’s Cross known by the British and English flags, but used as the colors green, yellow and black.
Overall, the most popular color for the national flag is red, followed by white, and nearly half of all national flags use blue. Some color combinations also represent bonds between different countries. For example, at the Prague Slavic Congress in June 1848, the Russian colors were declared white-blue-red as Pan-Slavic. Meanwhile, most Arab states use white, black, green and red colors. Pan-African colors are again green, yellow and red.
Are symbols used on national flags?
By the time Nikolay Caucescu was overthrown, the Romanian flag also had a national coat of arms, including a forest, a mountain, an oil derivative, and a red star. The star stood for the socialist or communist worldview and was also used by many other communist states. However, after the “revolution”, the transitional government opted for a flag without a coat of arms.
In many other countries, there are still one or more stars in their flag, but they have different meanings. While an entire constellation can be seen on the Brazilian flag, which shows the sky above Rio de Janeiro at the time of the declaration of the Republic, the 50 stars of the United States flag symbolize the 50 states that make up the country. The yellow star on Vietnam’s red flag actually stands for Communism.
However, many Islamic states place a crescent moon on their flag. In most cases, it represents the religion of Islam and can be found on the flags of Turkey, Pakistan and Tunisia for example. The crescent in Nepal’s flag – with a star – stands for the royal family. Many Christian states again show the cross in their flag: for example the Republic of Moldova.