26th World Climate Conference (COP 26) has ended in Glasgow. representatives of the governments of 197 countries discussed open points on how to implement Paris climate agreement,
Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulzez It was initially emphasized how important international cooperation is to climate protection: “The The world is still far from reaching the 1.5 degree course […], Most states take Paris’ promise to set new and better targets every five years seriously. Some of the larger economies are yet to follow suit and announce more ambitious plans.” Gerd Müller, Federal Development Minister, Looking hopefully into the future: “The Global climate disaster can be prevented, We have the technology and the knowledge, the global willingness to act decisively is the only deciding factor […],
Paris target: measures so far not enough
In Paris Became 2015 NS common purpose set that Limit global warming to below 2, 1.5 degrees if possible, The states have agreed to test every five years whether they can raise their own climate targets to get closer to the broader goal. they still political measures insufficient, This is also shown in the graphic below.
Climate Action Tracker (CAT) is a project of two organizations Climate Analytics and New Climate Institute. The organizations analyze climate measures taken by governments around the world and examine whether they are in line with the 2015 Paris Climate Goals. The European Union and 39 other countries are included in the analysis, total 80 percent of global emissions Reason. Climate measures from individual countries are summarized on a global scale and the potential temperature rise is determined with the help of the so-called MAGICC climate model.
Sad result: not a single country is on track
As per CAT analysis No country is currently meeting the Paris climate target with its own measures, The efforts of some countries, such as Nigeria, Kenya and the United Kingdom, have been judged to be at least close to enough. This means that they can stay below 2 degrees with their efforts. These countries are on the map Yellow Marked.
Orange All those countries are colored whose goals are inadequate. It also currently includes countries in the European Union and, for example, the United States and Peru.
Climate Measures of rot Colored states are highly imprecise. This means that these countries with their measures against climate change will only stay below 4 degrees. with the worst level (colour.) degree) For example, Russia and Turkey were evaluated. Their measures are currently completely inadequate to meet the Paris climate target.
“This is not the time to sit back and relax.”
Glasgow One Huge credibility, action and commitment deficits, because the world is currently heading towards at least the summer 2.4 degree even – If not, then more. This is the assessment of the Climate Action Tracker at COP 26. New Climate Institute’s Prof. Niklas Höhne warned at the climate conference: “It is no time to sit back And comfort. Assuming that exactly what every country has proposed here applies, then in 2030 our emissions will still be double what they should be if we want to stay on the 1.5 degree path. […], All countries need to rethink what they can do, And to do that, they have to be in emergency mode To pass away If we take very small steps every time, it will not work. Governments will have to act in a fundamentally different way.”
The CAT also assesses how well countries are meeting the newly defined goals of the climate summit. The evaluation is shown graphically in the map below. In his analysis, CAT used the so-called NDC (= nationally determined contribution) of the states. Simply put, the institute looked at newly defined climate goals in individual countries and examined the extent to which they have improved.
The states have been classified according to various criteria in the map. NS Classifications are in four different colors have been shown. Green This means that the respective state has officially submitted even stronger NDCs. These include, for example, the entire European Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and China. The fact that China announced strong targets during the conference was seen as a major success of COP 26. Blue It also means that the respective state has presented strong NDCs. However, these were not analyzed in more detail by CAT. that color Yellow Indicates that a country has proposed strong NDCs, but has not officially presented them like other countries. This applies to India and South Korea. Orange Governments whose climate targets have not been tightened are colorful. This applies, for example, to Russia, Switzerland, Brazil and Australia.
states have agreed one of the world climate conferences accelerated global energy transition away from coal. In addition, subsidies for fossil fuels are to be reduced. As announced by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, COP 26 was for the first time not only about the goals themselves, but also about how the goals could be achieved. In the final declaration for the climate conference, solidarity with the states Emphasizes those already severely affected by climate change, by 2025 Support to adapt to the consequences of climate change doubled Will. Germany is one of the leading donors in this regard.
NS Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulzez took stock at the end of the conference: “Glasgow brings a clear acceleration to climate protection, and More speed is also needed. The 20s are the decade in which the world community can and should make decisive progress. This conference showed that the world is one common purpose followed, a Climate neutral world economy. […], However, goals are important for climate protection. A 1.5 degree path becomes a reality only when you walk along it and put into practice. It works with real advances in wind turbines, solar systems, power grids, charging stations, woods, moors or green steel factories.”
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