NASA recruited for one-year simulation mission to Mars

In a statement, the US space agency announced the launch of a test mission for a future manned mission to Mars. The simulation will immerse candidate astronauts in the harsh conditions of the Red Planet for a year starting in the fall of 2022.

after Moon, for the destination march NASA. US agency takes another step towards conquering the Red Planet A press release issued on 6 August To announce the upcoming implementation of a series of manned mission simulations to Mars. Named Chapia (Crew health and performance exploration analog), the first test mission will take place in a habitat that reproduces the planet’s living conditions in the southern United States. Three sessions of one year each will be organized starting fromFall 2022.

The first training for the colonists of Mars

If NASA’s ambition is to land the first astronauts on the Moon again, Artemis Mission Mars is supposed to be a real springboard for adventure. The most optimistic forecasts predict the first visits to Mars between 2028 and 2030. However, the utopia of a Martian colony is confronted by the harsh reality of the facts: the constraints of round trip and daily life there.

Considering an optimal approach between Earth and Mars, astronauts must remain in the narrow space of the spacecraft for several months, between 200 and 350 days. Such a trip would require adaptation to time spent on a neighboring planet, and the researchers want to establish future Mars explorers 360 to 500 days. Ale’atmosphere Extremely weak Mars makes life outside impossible, and that’s why to recreate these difficult life conditions, NASA called on the company icon To build a base of 157 square meters2 Allows interested adventurers to immerse themselves in a realistic replica of the Martian habitat.

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3D Printed, Mars Dune Alpha will be set in the heart of johnson space center, in Texas. The mission will test the astronauts’ ability to resist isolation and allow them to perform a number of experiments: managing food supplies, responding to unforeseen events or even exporting from regions of Mars. virtual reality.

Journey to Mars: Tomorrow’s Reality?

The search for Mars is starting to take shape, but it is still difficult to implement. Elon Musk, extremely optimistic, hopes to bring the next generation of astronauts to the planet earliest 2026 Thanks to his company SpaceX. But researchers such as Silvestre Maurice emphasize the hostility of life on Mars and the impossibility of true colonization. On the microphone of France InterIastronomy The French recalled last August 4 that living on Mars ” was not a matter of life, but of existence”.

While waiting for the first humans to set foot on the Red Planet, new teams of astronauts are expected to set foot on the Moon in the middle of the decade during the Artemis mission, 50 years after the end of the Apollo program in 1972. New challenges and introduction of new technologies should pave the way for space colonization for scientific purposes. NASA hopes to become the next human on our natural satellite by 2024.

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