The US space agency (NASA) has officially announced the return to the moon by 2024 to ৮ 26 billion (বিল 22 billion).
As part of a program called Artemis, NASA will send a man and a woman to the lunar surface during the first manned landing since 1972.
But the agency’s timeline is urgent to release $ 3.2 billion to Congress to create a landing system.
The astronaut Orion will travel on an Apollo-like capsule that will travel on a powerful rocket called the SLS.
On Monday afternoon (US time), NASA Administrator Jim Brydenstein said: “The Artemis program for landing on the moon represents 28 billion spent over the next four years. SLS funding, Orion funding, human landing systems and its course spacesuit Included as part “”
However, he explained: “The budget request we have before the House and the Senate includes ৩ 2.32 billion for the human landing system for 2021. The is 3.2 billion we have received is critical.”
Artemis: The moon and beyond
The U.S. House of Representatives has already passed a bill allocating Bill 600m for lunar landers. However, NASA will need more funds to fully develop the car.
Mr Bridenstein added: “I would like to make it clear that we are exceptionally grateful to the House of Representatives for the bilateral approach they have made to the financing of a human landing system – that represents $ 600m. . “
In July 2019, Mr. Bridenstein told CNN that there would be someone who would be the first female astronaut to walk on the moon in 2024. He added that it would already be someone in the astronaut corps
At the time of this interview, there were 12 active female astronauts. They were then joined by five more female NASA astronauts who graduated from training earlier this year. However, it remains to be seen whether they will meet the criteria for the first landing mission in 2024.
Asked about the timeline for selecting crew members for the Artemis mission, the NASA chief said he was optimistic he would select a team at least two years before the first mission.
However, he said: “I think it’s important that we identify the Artemis team before … primarily because I think it will serve as a source of inspiration.”
The new document outlines the first phase 1 of the plan, which includes an unspoken test plane around the moon – called the Artemis-1 in the fall of 2021.
Kathy Lloyders, head of NASA’s Human Spaceflight, said Artemis-1 would take about a month to test all critical systems.
He said the demonstration aircraft would reduce the risk of Artemis-2, which would repeat the orbit around the moon with astronauts.
A new experiment has been added to this mission – a proximity management demonstration. After the Orion SLS rocket separates from the upper stage – known as the intermediate kyogenic propulsion stage – the astronauts will manually pilot the spacecraft as it moves away from the stage.
It will also evaluate Orion’s handling capabilities along with the spacecraft’s hardware and software performance.
Artemis 3 will be the first mission to send astronauts to the lunar surface since Apollo 17 about 48 years ago.
NASA has provided সং 967 million (£ 763 million) to several companies to work on landing vehicle designs that will take them there.
Decades later, the plan called for NASA to establish a base for humans, called the Artemis Base Camp, which would include the infrastructure needed for long-term exploration of the moon.
Scientists want to extract water-ice from the lunar south pole, as it could probably be used to make rocket fuel on the moon at a lower cost than it could carry from Earth.
Compared to Artemis, the value of the Apollo program in the 1960s and 70s exceeded wards 250 billion in inflation-adjusted US dollars.
However, the bn 28bn for this new plan does not include the money already spent on building the Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket.
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