In a remarkable achievement, astronomers have discovered the oldest supermassive black hole ever created. This extraordinary discovery empowers the farthest quasars known to date and dates to the beginning of the universe.
The total mass of a supermassive black hole is equal to 1.6 billion suns. It is 670 million years after the Big Bang, when the universe was only five percent of its present age.
The first false star discovered so far has a black hole in its center. The quasar is the luminous core of an active galaxy. Its strong glow is produced by an unusual amount of gas that falls towards the supermassive black hole at its center.
The quasar is located 13.03 billion light-years from Earth, making it the farthest kasar ever discovered. Distant quasars are necessary to understand the nature of the early universe. They provide information about the formation of black holes and massive galaxies during this period.
This object is the first of its kind to show evidence of an extremely hot particle of gas emanating from the periphery of a black hole at the speed of a fifth light.
Astronomers have also observed intense star-forming activity in the galaxy where Kaiser is located.
The extraordinary size of the black hole and the fact that it returns to the universe at a very young age calls into question the current scientific understanding of the formation of these massive cosmic planets.
Supermassive black holes are thought to evolve from smaller black holes that feed. Researchers at the University of Arizona calculated that even if the seeds of a black hole formed just after the first stars in the universe and grew faster, it would require a starting mass of minus 10,000 suns.
This is too fast for the current model of black seed formation, which is largely due to the collapse of stars.
“This is the first evidence of how a supermassive black hole affects the galaxy around it” The newspaper’s lead author, Fiji Wang, said.
“From observations of less distant galaxies, we know it should happen, but we saw it in the universe not long ago.”
Researchers hope to learn more about quasars and black holes from future observations, especially with NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, which is expected to launch later this year.
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