Joe Biden succeeded in bringing the United States back to the center of climate diplomacy

The advantage of a virtual summit is that you always have to go through the presidency box to argue. Thus, it is Joe Biden America who was at the center of the game at the World Leaders’ Summit on Persistent Climate, which began on Thursday, April 22.

Operation Biodation began on the day of Joe Biden’s inauguration, when he announced the withdrawal of Donald Trump to the United States for the Paris Agreement. This culminated at the opening of the summit with the announcement of new greenhouse gas reduction targets by Mr. Biden. “ The United States is on track to curb greenhouse gas emissions by the end of this decade. The Democratic President said.

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In particular, the United States will commit to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 50 to 52% by 2030 compared to the peak reached in 2005 at the Glasgow Climate Conference. It is taken by Barack Obama. Between 24 to 2025 between 24 and 2 from%. In 2014, the United States reduced its emissions by 13% due to the large scale shutdown of coal plants replaced by shale gas and renewable energy.

According to the environmental protection agenda, this figure will reach 21% in 2020, due to the Kovid-19 epidemic, but is therefore not significant and should rebound strongly with the reopening of the economy in 2021. Mr. Biden’s target is less than the 55% adopted by the European Union since 1990 (the US promise would decline by 43% since 1990) and Americans still emit 2.4 times more CO.2 Per capita compared to the European Union.

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Reconnect with multilateralism

This American declaration nevertheless had a broad impact, which allowed the United States to find itself at the center of world sports and re-engage with multilateralism, four years after his return under Donald Trump. After UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke first. It was with him that negotiator John Kerry, under Barack Obama, signed a decisive agreement for the Paris Agreement in 2015. It was decided to separate the climate from other conflicts and Xi promised to reduce the use of coal.

Russian President Vladimir Putin was also present despite the recalling of the ambassadors of both countries. The order of speakers reflected the global geography of American diplomacy (China, India, United Kingdom, Japan, Canada, Bangladesh). As if the Europeans were already acquired, screaming to greet the return of the United States, while stealing their lead: German Chancellor Angela Merkel spoke in the seventh, French President Emmanuel Macron in the ninth, Mr. Putin Was awarded by. A technical problem.

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