Invincible, hypersonic or invisible: the weapons Russia is proud of

Russia is using part of its new generation of missiles against Ukraine, described as “invincible”, “hypersonic”, with unlimited range or radar for four years after it was unveiled by Vladimir Putin. is invisible.

– Avangard, the “invincible” missile –

Russia’s Avangard (“Vanguard” in Russian) hypersonic missiles are capable of changing course and altitude at very high speeds, which makes them “virtually invincible” according to Mr. Putin, who likens the scientific and military success of their development to “construction”. do for”. Earth’s first artificial satellite”, the famous Sputnik.

According to the Russian Defense Ministry, successfully tested in December 2018, their speed reached Mach 27 – or 27 times the speed of sound – and hit a target located about 6,000 km away. He was placed in service in December 2019.

– Kinjal, hypersonic “Dagger” –

Used by the Russian military for the first time on Friday, the hypersonic missile Kinzal (“Dagger” in Russian) allowed it to destroy an underground weapons warehouse in Ukraine’s west, according to Moscow.

These types of missiles, which are highly maneuverable, pose a challenge to anti-aircraft defense systems. During the tests, they reached all their targets at ranges from 1,000 to 2,000 km. They are equipped with MiG-31 warplanes.

Experts say that their use in Ukraine is the first in the world for hypersonic weapons.

– Sarmat, from the North Pole to the South Pole –

The fifth generation Sarmat Heavy Intercontinental Ballistic Missile is also a missile defense evader.

Weighing in at over 200 tonnes, it is more capable than its predecessor – the Vovoda missile with a range of 11,000 km – and “has practically no limits in terms of range”, according to Mr. Decided to be able to “North Pole as well as South Pole”.

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– Peresvet, Combat Laser –

The technical characteristics of the Peresvet combat laser system (named after the warrior monk of the 14th century) are secret. According to the Ministry of Defense, they are ready for battle from December 2019.

– Poseidon, underwater drone –

Poseidon, an underwater drone developed for the Russian nuclear deterrent, will be capable of going depths of more than a kilometer at speeds of 60 to 70 knots, while according to a source within the Russian military-industrial, for detection systems remains invisible. Complex, quoted by the official agency TASS.

Tests of the Poseidon system took place in the spring of 2020, to finally equip the nuclear submarine Belgorod, a ship that was launched in 2019 but whose commissioning has been postponed, according to the Tass agency. At least until the summer of 2022.

– Burvestnik, stormy bird –

Again with “unlimited range”, still according to Vladimir Putin, and capable of overcoming almost all interception systems, the Buryvestnik cruise missile (a seabird whose Russian etymology is “storm”) nuclear propulsion was developed by the Russian military. He is going. Their technical characteristics are secret.

– Zircon, the “invisible” maritime missile –

The first official launch of the Zircon hypersonic missile (named after a mineral used in jewelry) takes place in October 2020. It flies at Mach 9 to reach sea and land targets.

At the end of December 2021, Vladimir Putin announced the first successful test firing of a zircon salvo. Other tests have taken place in the Russian Arctic since October 2020, most notably from the Admiral Gorchakov frigate and a submerged submarine.

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