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Scientists at The University of Manchester’s National Graphene Institute have made a significant breakthrough in understanding the physics of graphite, according to a recent study published in the journal Nature.

Graphite, a material made up of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb pattern, has long been studied for its unique properties. However, the new research conducted by the team at Manchester reveals that graphite is even more complex than previously thought.

The researchers utilized a technique called twistronics, which involves stacking two 2D crystals at a twist angle, to study the surface states of graphite. Interestingly, they found that the twist potential not only modifies the surface states but also affects the electronic spectrum of the entire graphite crystal.

One of the most intriguing findings of the study is the discovery of a new type of fractal quantum Hall effect in graphite. This effect arises from a 2.5-dimensional mixing of surface and bulk states, leading to unexpected behaviors in the material’s electronic properties.

The breakthrough is significant because it opens up new possibilities for controlling electronic properties in both 2D and 3D materials. Understanding the physics of graphite can help scientists develop new materials with enhanced electronic functionalities.

Dr. Elena Polyakova, CEO of Graphene@Manchester, expressed excitement over the findings, stating, “This research greatly enhances our understanding of graphite and its unique properties. It has the potential to pave the way for exciting advancements in the field of electronic materials.”

The team at Manchester is continuing their research on graphite to further explore its properties. They believe that unravelling the mysteries of graphite could lead to more breakthroughs in materials science.

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Dr. Linglong Zhang, the lead researcher of the study, said, “We are thrilled with the results we obtained and the potential implications for future applications. Our findings have shed new light on the physics of graphite and the possibilities it holds for technological advancements.”

Graphite has long been used in various industries due to its heat resistance and electrical conductivity. It is commonly found in pencils, batteries, lubricants, and other high-demand applications.

With this new understanding of graphite’s complexities, scientists can now push the boundaries of electronic materials and explore new avenues for technological innovation. The implications of this research extend beyond academia, with potential applications in fields such as energy storage, electronics, and quantum computing.

As the team at Manchester continues their research, they hope to unlock even more secrets of graphite and contribute to the advancement of materials science. This breakthrough marks an exciting step forward in our understanding of graphite’s properties and its potential for future advancements.

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