Here’s Your Ultimate Guide To Understanding Distribution Boards (DB)
A distribution board, also known as a panel board, breaker panel, or electrical panel, is a critical component of an electrical supply grid. A DB allows the electrical power supply to be distributed into separate circuits while still supplying a circuit breaker or a safety fuse for each circuit in the same enclosure. In simples words, the main distribution board is the point at which the main supply cable enters and is then distributed to the breakers and, from there, to all of the circuits or switchboards.
The main switch, circuit breakers, bus bars, earth leakage unit, bypass equipment, and other switches are typically housed on a power distribution board. All of these help in protecting the electrical power grid and associated electrical devices from damage that might be caused by multiple faults such as short circuits, overload, earth leakage, etc. The structural and technical features of electrical distribution boards vary depending on the requirements in a given country.
Now, distribution boards are available in a variety of types, including surface mounted, flush-mounted, single-door and double-door options, horizontal and vertical configuration, and with the door as well as see-through plastic covers or partitions, and in a variety of sizes determined by the number of circuits (companies commonly refer to this as the number of ways or modules) rewired inside the box. It is best to consult a professional when installing a DB for the best consistency, reliability, and protection in any building.
Distribution boards are sometimes installed in inconvenient or hidden places, such as under the stairs, in the garage, or in the basement, owing to their unsightliness and security reasons. However, before installing a distribution board, it is essential to pay close attention to the location. The location designated for distribution board installation must be well ventilated to prevent overheating of the consumer device and must be easily accessible to switch off the mains in the event of a short circuit or fire.
When it comes to aesthetics, with ever-evolving technologies, distribution boards have advanced in terms of style and architecture, though their primary function of efficient power distribution remains the same. There is no longer any need to hide them behind the box or keep them out of sight, as distribution boards are now available in a variety of artistic styles designed to perfection using cutting-edge technology.
- User Friendly
If your distribution box is not user-friendly, it is probably not the best option for you. It should provide enough space for wires and a simple installation process. During installation, the frame should rule out any chance of error. A well-installed and user-friendly distribution board ensures the durability and safety of your electrical distribution system. It would also be advantageous if the distribution board you use is simple to maintain.
The fuse is an essential component of a distribution board. A fuse is an essential part of a distribution board since it prevents overcurrent from passing through your circuitry. In the event of an overcurrent, the fuse automatically shuts off the main supply, protecting your equipment and avoiding any kind of electrical hazard in your home or workplace.
The qualities of a distribution board are determined by many considerations, including the type of construction, the capacity of current and voltage it can accommodate, and the type of insulation. A few types of construction necessitate one-of-a-kind designs, and in such cases, it is often prudent to depend on a reputable brand for their expertise and understanding.
The lifespan of your electrical equipment is determined by its quality and reliability. You should use distribution boards from well-known manufacturers that meet both quality and safety requirements. To assess the most widely used brands of electrical household appliances, get inputs from certified electricians. It is still preferable to choose brands with excellent customer service and lengthy warranty periods on their products.
Usually, reputable brands provide you with an expert who is experienced in strategizing advanced electrical technology based on your requirements and provide you with one of the best solutions.