COP 26: Cessation of work and adoption of the “Glasgow Treaty for the Climate”

Stabilizing global warming at 1.5 °C leads to a 45% reduction in global emissions between 2010 and 2030. The mixed Glasgow Treaty shows that we are far below this objective.

The United Nations Summit on Climate Change (COP26) kicked off its work on Saturday, November 13, 2022, when all participating countries (197 countries) adopted an agreement to accelerate the fight against global warming, its without guarantee. Occurs at 1.5 °C.

The final text of COP26 calls on member states to regularly increase their reduction commitments provided for in the Paris Agreement beginning in 2022, but with the possibility of adjustment “for specific national circumstances”. Furthermore, it does not ensure that warming is limited to below 2 °C and, if possible, to 1.5 °C, but only offers possibilities to survive the 1.5 °C objective.

This half-hearted agreement caused huge disappointment from most of the participants and especially COP26 President Alok Sharma, who did not fail to declare that “we understand this deep disappointment, but it is necessary to protect this agreement”. . For his part, the European Commission’s vice-president, Frans Timmermann, said the softening of words was “disappointing”. “However, this should not slow down the deal, and the EU will work to gradually get rid of coal,” he said.

This final agreement, dubbed the “Glasgow Climate Pact”, was painstakingly achieved after marathon talks that continued until Saturday. Last minute changes were made on the issue of coal usage at the request of India.

Marathon Talks
At India’s insistence, the wording on the draft was toned down until the last minute before full adoption, resulting in “accelerating efforts to reduce anthrax without a capture system (CO2) and exit from inefficient fossil fuel subsidies. A final version was called for.

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The differences that have arisen among the various participants since the launch of this 26th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP 26) on October 31, 2021 are such that each has to implement the decarbonisation of society. Nation’s commitment. The 2 °C warming at the end of the century failed to measure up to remain “well below” compared to the start of the industrial era.

Glasgow was also unable to take stock of climate finance, with most industrialized countries not delivering on their promises to date when it comes to paying $100 billion a year to the most vulnerable countries in the south (all flows combined: public and private). , loans and donations).

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