Combined with the challenges of China and Russia to keep the planet in a straight line after the pandemic, the leaders of the G7 great powers deal with the climate emergency on Sunday, the third and final day of their summit in England.
His intense day on Saturday, where work sessions and thoughtful side meetings followed each other, ended with a moment of relaxation—immortalized by a new family photo—around grilled marshmallows and a hot rum on white sand. From the seaside resort of Corbys Bay, Cornwall.
With maritime chants and an overflow by acrobatic patrols of the Royal Air Force, these moments of delight were preceded by the announcement of joint initiatives to address the planet’s great challenges, from pandemic to diplomacy. , at the first individual summit in nearly two years.
However, this image of good relations has been tarnished by differences between Europeans and British over Brexit and the thorny issue of Northern Ireland exposed in broad daylight.
Bringing together his British, French, German, Italian, Japanese and Canadian allies against Moscow and Beijing is a major objective of US President Joe Biden’s European tour, his first overseas visit that marks the United States’ return to the United States. is. Post-Trump era segregation.
Sunday, the summit highlights climate, a key issue for the United Kingdom, which hosts the major United Nations conference (COP26) in November.
The G7 leaders aim to halt biodiversity decline by 2030, protecting at least 30% of land and seas, while £500m (over €582m) to protect oceans and marine ecosystems in countries such as London Ghana or Fund will be launched. Indonesia.
– Important decade –
“Protecting our planet is the most important thing we can do for our people as leaders. There is a direct link between reducing emissions, restoring nature, creating jobs and ensuring long-term economic growth,” Boris Johnson said.
The leaders will also reiterate their commitment to halve greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and end public assistance to coal power plants this year.
It aims to limit the increase in temperature to below 1.5 °C compared to the pre-industrial era, a threshold beyond which scientists believe climate change will get out of hand.
“The decisions we make during this decade (…) are the most important in human history,” warned British star naturalist David Attenborough, 95.
For environmental activists, these declarations are too soft: they want more action and fewer words, as recalled loudly and comically during the protests in Cornwall.
According to Downing Street, the G7 will also look at the climate component of a massive global infrastructure plan presented on Saturday for disadvantaged countries in Africa, Asia or Latin America to encourage green growth by promoting investment in renewable energy and clean technologies. Can you
Launched on the initiative of Joe Biden, for whom China is a priority, the project should compete with the “New Silk Roads”, investments set up largely by Beijing to expand its influence overseas.
Called “Making the World Better”, it should help these countries recover from the pandemic by focusing on climate, health, digital technology and the fight against inequalities.
On the pandemic front, after promising to distribute a billion doses of anti-Covid vaccines to poor countries, the G7 embarked on a battle plan to prevent future pandemics after their vaccination campaigns fell short.
After the final release and the traditional press conference, Joe Biden will have tea with Queen Elizabeth II at Windsor Castle. He will then meet his key aides at the NATO summit in Brussels ahead of a high-screening meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Geneva on Wednesday.