Bringing Mars back to Earth

Bringing Mars back to Earth

The 'sky crane' is used to slow the rover's descent to Mars and lower it to the surface using cables.

A new rover built by Nasa and named Perseverance will land on Mars in February 2021 working with the “sky crane” strategy. A large parachute and rocket motors will gradual the mission’s descent before the rover is lowered to the area using cables.

Nasa's latest Mars rover is a six-wheeled robotic machine named Perseverance

Nasa's latest Mars rover is a six-wheeled robotic machine named Perseverance

Perseverance – a six-wheeled robotic machine with 23 cameras and a drill – will seek signs of historical lifestyle in a massive crater Jezero. It will collect rock and soil samples that seem like they may possibly have been altered by make contact with with microorganisms.

The Perseverance rover collects and stores samples of Martian soil and rocks in metal canisters, which it leaves behind on the surface

The rover will retail store its samples in metal canisters – but depart them at the rear of on the Martian surface to continue its mission. Perserverance’s plutonium-based mostly power offer could keep the rover trundling close to Mars for 10 many years or much more.

A small robotic machine called the fetch rover collects the samples left behind by Perseverance

Later this ten years – just after 2026 – a next, lesser rover, to be built by the European Space Agency (Esa), will arrive on Mars. This “fetch rover” will vacation across the floor finding up the sample canisters remaining guiding by Perseverance.

The samples are fired out of the Martian atmosphere into orbit by a small rocket called the Mars Ascent Vehicle or MAV

The samples are fired out of the Martian atmosphere into orbit by a small rocket called the Mars Ascent Vehicle or MAV

The canisters will be loaded into a protective container and put into a compact rocket – the Mars Ascent Automobile or MAV. This will blast into the sky, inserting the container into orbit all-around Mars.

The sample container is caught by the satellite return orbiter

The sample container is caught by the satellite return orbiter

The sample container will be fulfilled in orbit and caught by a European satellite. This “return orbiter” will act like a cargo ship, bringing the treasured rock and soil specimens back again to Earth.

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The rock samples are carried back to Earth by the return orbiter and released into the atmosphere in a heavily-protected container

The rock samples are carried back to Earth by the return orbiter and released into the atmosphere in a heavily-protected container

We do not count on the satellite to get there property until eventually at minimum 2031, by which time the sample container will have been packaged in a intensely secured capsule, to be despatched into Earth’s ambiance to land in North The usa.

Martian rock samples being studied in an Earth laboratory

Experts will then review the rocks and soil working with advanced strategies, like some that have still to be invented simply because there should really be plenty of product to investigate for many years in advance. The samples will shed mild on Mars’ history and no matter if it has at any time supported microbial lifeforms.

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