Joe Biden opened the door to a possible reform of the Supreme Court on Friday, attracting Republicans who alleged he wanted to attack this powerful institution to set the biggest questions of society in the United States. Is responsible for
The US president signed an executive order establishing a commission of experts to reform American law, firmly anchoring the conservative side since Donald Trump’s appointments.
Composed of Democratic and Republican experts, the commission will examine the most sensitive aspects of the Supreme Court’s possible reform: the term of office of its members, their number, the way the institution selects the cases on which it rules. And its practice.
He will have six months to make his recommendations.
Attempts to “radicalize the Supreme Court” and “outright attack” on justice: its construction has drawn stiff criticism among Republicans.
The Supreme Court, which decides on a number of social issues in the United States, such as abortion or access to the rights of sexual minorities, has appointed nine magistrates for life. They are appointed by the President of the United States and must be confirmed by the Senate.
It currently has six conservative judges, three of whom were appointed by former Republican President Donald Trump.
The commission set up by Joe Biden will be chaired by Bob Bauer and Christina Rodriguez, two eminent law professors. Bob Bauer advised Joe Biden during his campaign.
– “far-reaching effects” –
During the presidential campaign, Democratic primary candidates raised the possibility of increasing the number of judges sitting in court. A hypothesis that attracts Republicans.
Candidate Biden had told him that he was not in favor of the idea. And the idea was also deemed “stupid” in the early 1980s.
When asked about this, White House spokesman Jane Paskey responded on Friday that she has “asked her team to reflect the diversity of points to constitute this committee.”
“That would certainly impact his opinion,” she added at a press conference.
For the leader of Republican Senator Mitch McConnell, the announcement of the creation of this commission, “a false academic study of a non-existent problem”, represents “a direct attack on our country’s independent judicial system”.
In a vitriolic statement, he said that to see it on Friday was “a new sign of distant influence on the Biden administration”.
– “Breyer, resigns” –
The virtue calls for reform from each controversial, venerable institution with three nominations have grown under Donald Domp.
Along with Democrats, as a replacement for progressive and feminist icon Ruth Beder Ginsburg, who was killed by conservative magistrate Amy Connie Barratt at least 49 years before the 2020 presidential election.
Given the age of the new Conservative recruits, his arrival retained authority over the court for decades.
Prior to that, the Republican billionaire had appointed 56-year-old conservative Brett Kavanuag to replace Anthony Kennedy, who was conservative on some issues but defender of more progressive positions on other rights, such as gay rights.
The 2018 hearing of a magistrate accused of sexual harassment before his confirmation by the Senate had deeply divided the country.
As soon as he arrived at the White House, Donald Trump appointed a third judge: 53-year-old Neil Gorsuch, who replaced conservative Antonin Scalia, who had died nearly a year earlier.
It is feared that the Ruth Beder Ginsburg story would repeat itself if Joe Biden was replaced by Republicans after the 2024 presidential election, a group campaigning for Supreme Court reform to replace 82-year-old oldest progressive judge Stephen Breyer Prompts him to resign.
“Breyer, resign. It’s time for a black woman to sit in the Supreme Court,” read Friday while traveling in a truck in Washington.
On Tuesday, “Justice Breyer” warned against the idea of increasing the number of judges sitting in the Supreme Court, saying political reforms could undermine Americans’ trust in this institution.