Astronomers have discovered the most unreal planet, with rocks raining in rocks with ast0 miles deep lava oceans and about 1,000,000 miles of wind.
The Earth-sized planet is blowing four times the speed of sound at a temperature of about 3,000 degrees Celsius on one side – the rock is hot enough to evaporate.
However, they drop below minus 200C on the other hand – cold enough to freeze nitrogen.
The bizarre exoplanet shelters the vast ocean of magma – more than 60 miles deep.
Known as K2-141B, it is located about 200 light-years away – and is one of the “most extreme” ever found.
This study sheds new light on the evolution of the earth.
“This is the first study to predict weather conditions in K-11-14B,” said Jiang Nguyen, a lead author and PhD student at York University in Toronto.
A surface of the burning, warm world, the sea and the atmosphere are all made up of the same element – rock. There is a sea of molten lava.
The planet, described in the Royal Astronomical Society’s monthly notices, was detected by the Kepler Space Telescope two years ago.
Computer simulations now give weather forecasts.
The unpredictable situation predicted can change the surface and atmosphere permanently over time.
Two-thirds of K2-141b is exposed to endless daylight in the analysis of light patterns. On Earth, both hemispheres receive the sun’s rays equally.
The exoplanet belongs to a satellite of a rocky planet that orbits very close to their stars, the researchers explained.
This proximity keeps it gravitationally locked in the same place the same direction is always facing it – eventually creating a thinner environment in some cases.
Professor Nicholas Cowan, a co-author at McGill University in Montgomery, said: “The probability of our search is likely that the atmosphere has expanded slightly beyond the shores of the Magma Sea, making it easier to spot with space telescopes.”
Significantly, the vapor atmosphere mimics the earth – with rocks instead of just water.
The intense heat leads them to rain – as if they were water particles.
Like the Earth’s water cycle where it evaporates, rises in the atmosphere, condenses, and returns as rain, sodium, silicon monoxide, and silicon dioxide also occur in K2-141b.
On Earth, rainfall again flows into the oceans, where it evaporates again and the water cycle repeats itself.
In K2-141b, the mineral vapor formed by the evaporated rock is blown back by supersonic air and rock “rain” at night in a magma ocean submerged.
The resulting currents flow back to the hot days of the Explanate, where the rock evaporates once more.
However, the cycle at K2-141b is not as stable as on Earth, scientists say.
Day after day the return flow of magma sea slows down.
As a result, they predict that mineral compositions will change over time – eventually changing the very surface and environment of K2-141b.
Professor Cowan said: “All rocky planets, including Earth, began as molten Earth but quickly cooled and solidified. Lava planets give us a rare glimpse at this stage of planetary evolution.”
The next step will be to test if these steps are correct, scientists say. The team now has data from the Spitzer Space Telescope that gives the first glimpse into the daytime and nighttime temperatures of their planet.
With the launch of the James Web Space Telescope in 2021, they will also be able to verify whether the environment is behaving as predicted.
Mr Nguyen added: “Next-generation space telescopes like James Webb’s will be able to detect it hundreds of light-years away.”