This continent of ice has about a few scientists a year who study the isolated region to learn more about the history of the earth and the effects of climate change. Some projects examine an ecosystem centered around the marine life of the waters around Antarctica that in some cases has been obsolete for millions of years. Marine biologist Adrian Glover revealed in a YouTube video how he discovered a new species while investigating the diversity of Antarctic deep-sea life and why it might change.
He said: “I am a marine biologist at the Museum of Natural History and my special interest and special expertise is in the biology of deep-sea animals, especially in the Antarctic.
“People often think of Antarctica as a biology of ice and snow and barren terrain, but the opposite of the ocean environment is amazing.
“In recent years we’ve uncovered a wealth of biodiversity, from sea microscopic animals to algae and sea ice to krill and then through food chains with penguins and whales.
“That’s what makes it an interesting place to study.”
Dr. Glover has unveiled some of the high-tech tools that have revolutionized the study of deep-sea biology, making it easier to collect samples.
He added: “Today we have a lot of advanced equipment that we can collect animals from the deep sea
“Specifically, remote-controlled vehicles – these are the mini-submarines that we put down the ship, it’s controlled from the surface.
“It simply came to our notice then.
“It’s starting to revolutionize deep-sea biology, we’ve been able to actually target our specimens to specific animals of interest.
Read more: Discovery of Antarctica: Incredible ‘evolved’ sea creatures ‘blown’ by divers under ice
“There will be big changes over the next 10 or 20 years – things that we don’t really understand, but we’re already seeing changes.
“This is one of the most important reasons for me to go to Antarctica and study it.”
Known as Bristol worms, polychits are usually a paraphyletic class of rare worms.
These are robust and broad, species that live in the abyss of the cooler temperatures of the ocean, in a form that tolerates extremely high temperatures near hydrothermal vents.
In the Earth’s oceans, polychaetes are found in all depths, in the form of plankton living near the surface, from two to three centimeters of samples observed by the robotic ocean probe Narius beneath the Challenger Deep – the deepest place on Earth.