The concept is controversial, although many scientists believe that the universe operates in a perpetual cycle where it expands, before a new Big Bang is contracted with a ‘Big Crunch’.
Sir Roger said that the black hole was once controversial. These were first theoretically created by the English countryman John Mitchell in 1783, who predicted that if an object became so dense, its greater gravitational pull would stop even the slightest escape.
But even Albert Einstein dismissed them as mathematical curiosity rather than physical reality.
Until 1964, nine years after Einstein’s death, Sir Roger proposed that black holes were an inevitable consequence of general relativity.
Sir Roger proved that when objects become very dense they throw the fall of gravity into an infinite mass in a place where all known laws of nature cease, which is called oneness.
His groundbreaking article is still regarded as the most important contribution to relativity since Einstein, and the evidence for the Big Bang has been extended.
He first stumbled upon this when Sir Roger was in his mid-thirties on his way to Berkebeck College at a tube station in London. Now, 5 years later, he has finally been recognized by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for his work.
“I think getting a Nobel Prize too soon is a bad thing. I know scientists who soon got their awards and it hurt their science.
“If you’re going to win the Nobel Prize for Science, when you’re good and old, just before you clap, when there’s still something to be done, that’s my advice.
“It’s 19464, but it took a long time to realize the significance of the black hole, so it’s no surprise and I think I’m almost old now.”
Reinhard Gerel, a professor at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, and Sir Roger, along with Andrea Gage of the University of California, were awarded the honor, proving that there is a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way that studies its effects. They are around him
Commenting on the award, Martin Rees, an astronomer at Cambridge University and a fellow professor at Trinity College, said he was saddened that Professor Hawking had not survived to share the award.
“Penrose is amazingly original and innovative and has contributed to creative insights for over 60 years.
“I think the consensus is that Penrose and Hawking are two people who have done more than anyone else to deepen our gravity since Einstein.
“Sadly, it was too late to give Hawking the opportunity to share credit with Pok পmon.”
Professor Hawking answers some of the biggest questions facing mankind in 2018 below: