Alert from the Pasteur Institute of Algeria

Algeria’s Pasteur Institute published an explanatory note this Sunday on monkeypox, cases of which have been discovered around the world, raising fears of a new global pandemic.

US President Joe Biden this Sunday warned against the “consequential” impact of the possible spread of the disease in the world, which is still fighting against the COVID-19 pandemic.

, Read also: Monkey pox: full note from Algeria’s Pasteur Institute

In Algeria, health officials have not reported the discovery of cases of monkeypox. No special equipment has been deployed at the borders against this virus. But health officials are on alert. This Sunday, Algeria’s Pasteur Institute published an explanatory note on monkeypox.

The Pasteur Institute in Algeria recalls that monkeypox was “discovered in 1958, when two epidemics of smallpox-like disease spread to colonies of monkeys raised for research, hence the name “monkey pox”. »

He further noted that the first human case of the disease was “recorded in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in 1970, during a period of intense efforts to eradicate smallpox”.

“Since then, ‘monkeypox’ has been reported in people in several other Central and West African countries: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Cte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone”, Algeria Connects to the Pasteur Institute. In 2022, several cases of monkeypox have been reported in England, Portugal, Spain, France, Sweden, the United States, Australia and Canada, as well as other countries.

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In their note, the Pasteur Institute of Algeria explains that transmission of this virus is “probably due to a global decline in immunity to viruses of the Orthopoxvirus genus (responsible for human smallpox) after the end of vaccination against smallpox in the 1980s.

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“Monkey pox may therefore become the most significant orthopoxvirus infection in humans”, cautioning Algeria’s Pasteur Institute, adding that “modelling data are showing that as long as a population whose immunity against the collective orthopoxvirus species is reduced, The epidemic potential of monkeypox will continue to increase. »

The Pasteur Institute of Algeria further states that transmission of monkeypox occurs “when a person comes into contact with the virus from an animal, human or material contaminated with the virus.”

This indicates that the virus “enters the body through skin lesions (even if not visible), respiratory tract or mucous membranes (eyes, nose or mouth). »

Animal-to-human transmission of monkeypox can occur by “bites” or “scratches”, “bushmeat preparation”, “direct contact with bodily fluids” or “physical wounds” or “indirect contact with contaminated material”, e.g. Contaminated bedding through for. ,

Human-to-human transmission is believed to occur primarily through large respiratory droplets. Algeria’s Pasteur Institute states that respiratory droplets typically cannot travel more than a few metres, requiring prolonged face-to-face contact.

According to the same source, other modes of human-to-human transmission of this virus include “direct contact with body fluids” and “indirect contact with dirty equipment, for example through contaminated clothing or linens.” »

“The reservoir host of monkeypox (the main vector of the disease) is still unknown, but African rodents are suspected to play a role in transmission”, further details the Pasteur Institute of Algeria.

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