Appointed on 20 May as head of the “National Advisory Commission for the New Republic”, responsible for drafting a new draft constitution, Beled indicated that he would submit the draft to President Kais Said for verification, before That it is not earlier than June 15. Submitted to a referendum, a consultation was announced for 20 July.
“80% of Tunisians are against extremism and against the use of religion for political purposes. This is exactly what we are going to do by erasing Article 1 in its current form,” the lawyer said in an interview with AFP.
The first article of the current constitution, adopted with great fanfare in 2014,, like the 1959 charter, stipulates that Tunisia “is a free, independent and sovereign state, Islam as its religion, Arabic as its language and a republic as its rule”. .
Asked whether this meant that there would be no reference to Islam in the new constitution, he replied: “It will not happen”.
“There is a possibility that we will delete Article 1 in its current version. We can do without mentioning any religion”.
Ennahda. blocked the way for
According to Mr. Bellad, the purpose of removing any reference to Islam is to fight parties of Islamist inspiration, particularly the Ennahdha, the main force in the parliament dissolved by Sayeed.
“If you use religion to fuel political extremism, we will ban it”, continued this 83-year-old academic who, as a student, had “a very great and very deep friendship and closeness” with the president. claims to.
“We have political parties with dirty hands and whether you like it, French or European Democrats, we will not accept dirty people in our democracy,” he said.
According to him, “Ennadha and other parties are henchmen of many foreign powers or powers or states or mini-states which have a lot of money which they want to spend and which they use to interfere in the affairs of the country.” . “This is treason.”
After months of political interruption, Syed, who was democratically elected in late 2019, assumed full authority by sacking the prime minister on July 25, 2021 and suspending the parliament, dominated by his pet Ennahdha, before being dissolved in March. have done.
Don’t succumb to the temptation of dictatorship
In a roadmap to end the crisis, Mr Syed announced a referendum on a new constitution on July 25, 2022, ahead of legislative elections on December 17.
The commission, headed by Mr Bellad, is working to develop the new constitution through a “national dialogue” launched on Saturday, but from which the main parties are excluded.
The powerful Tunisian trade union center UGTT, a major player on the political scene invited to the talks, refused to participate.
“We invite you, the door is open. If you don’t want the train to leave on time,” Mr. Belad said at the UGTT address.
Mr Syed called for “more presidential” rule rather than the hybrid system implemented in 2014 and a source of recurring conflicts between the executive and legislative branches.
“The president might have more powers, or maybe more useful powers. He only had the blocking power and that’s too bad. The president is the captain. He’s the admiral. So he must not only have the power to brake , but also the power should be train … with moderation,” said the lawyer.
Nevertheless, the new regime must be designed in such a way that the president is not “inspired or attracted by the temptations of dictatorship, tyranny or abuse of power”.
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