A deal on global aviation emissions in UK boxes

London is active in proudly displaying the good news at COP26, which begins on Sunday. A coalition of countries may agree to tighten emissions targets for the aviation sector.

The United Kingdom, the host of the crucial two-day UN conference on climate change, has to show it is moving forward. The country wants to multiply the announcements during COP26 to show its “leadership” in terms of climate. So he is working on drafting several agreements, including one on reducing pollution generated by aviation.

Reuters, which saw a draft document, said Britain was pushing for tightening of global aviation emissions targets to be in line with the Paris Agreement. That is to say, achieve zero net emissions by 2050. To do this, London is relying on the signing of an agreement by several states, which would join an alliance created for the occasion: “International Aviation”. Climate Ambition Coalition”. “The officials of the 27 EU countries will consider signing the declaration on Thursday,” According to Reuters. However, this agreement will not be binding, which raises a certain skepticism on the side of environmental activists.

Call for “More Ambitious and Believable Goals”

Similarly, the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which represents the companies’ interests, made a somewhat hazy commitment in early October. Now she says she is targeting “net zero emissions” of CO2 in 2050, compared to halving them previously. Thus it is in line with the commitments already made at the European level. But of course, Iata relies more on research and development to meet its purpose rather than a decline in airline activity.

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The United Kingdom also wants to push the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the United Nations aviation agency, to set long-term goals to reduce emissions from international flights. The agency coordinates international aviation agreements and its 200 member states will meet in September 2022, which will be an opportunity to push for tougher measures.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is pushing in this direction. He described the agency’s plans this month as too weak and urged it to settle “More ambitious and credible aims”. “Current commitments do not align with the 1.5°C target of the Paris Agreement. In fact, they are more consistent with warming beyond 3°C”, He insisted.

So London is tackling a project that is certainly respectable and necessary. The aviation sector represents only 2% to 3% of greenhouse gas emissions on the planet, but it projects twice as many travelers by 2050, so twice as much CO2 if nothing is done. It remains to be seen what course of action the agreement will lead to. A study by think tank The Shift Project and the Supaero DeCarbo Collective, which brings together graduate engineers from the Higher Institute of Aeronautics and Space, underscores that it is impossible to reduce global warming to below 2 °C without a drastic reduction in air Is. transportation. This is specifically intended for dismantling overhead lines.

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