2022-06-06 Monkey Pox and Foreign Travel

The Ministry of External Affairs began regularly publishing information on monkeypox, which has now been identified in 28 countries around the world.

Although this disease is not new, but if caught, it can cause serious problems. Local news in Japan recommends reading this article before traveling abroad.

Monkeypox outbreaks in many countries where monkeypox is not endemic (4ᵉ publication)

06 June 2022.

On 4 June, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that cases of monkeypox have been identified in 27 countries where the virus is not endemic. WHO is investigating further.

Latvian health officials also indicated a confirmed case of infection.

Current effective prevention methods include avoiding contact with symptomatic people and mammals such as rodents, which may have monkeypox. It is also recommended to wash your hands with soap and an alcohol-based disinfectant.

Currently, 28 countries (Argentina, Canada, Mexico, United States, Morocco, United Arab Emirates, Commonwealth, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France) have confirmed presence of monkeypox virus by WHO or national health authorities. Is performed. , Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Australia and Latvia).

People traveling abroad are called upon to pay special attention to preventive measures. Similarly, those who are planning to travel to countries or regions other than the above should also consider that there is a risk of infection and apply preventive measures.

WHO announcement date 4 June

https://www.who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/2022-DON390

1. Monkeypox Epidemic Status

On 4 June, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that 780 cases of monkeypox had been identified in 27 countries where the virus is not endemic. Latvian health officials also announced a confirmed case of infection. No deaths have yet been reported in countries or regions where the disease is not endemic. WHO is investigating further.

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2. About Monkeypox

(1. Overview.

Monkeypox is an acute rash with symptoms similar to smallpox. Rodents such as squirrels are considered natural carriers. Traditionally endemic to Africa, cases have been reported since December 2021 in Cameroon, Central Africa, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Cases have also been reported in Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.

(2) Symptoms.

The incubation period is 5 to 21 days (usually 6 to 13 days) and the mortality rate will be a few percent to 10%. The first symptoms are, among others,

  • fever,
  • chills,
  • back pain,
  • muscle aches
  • swollen lymph nodes, etc.

Typical rashes appear on the face and extremities one to three days after fever, and may also appear in the mouth, genitals, and eyes. Clinically, it is difficult to distinguish it from smallpox.

(3) Prevention.

In areas where monkeypox is endemic, the following infection prevention measures should be implemented and immediate medical attention should be sought if infection is suspected.

Avoid contact with droplets and bodily fluids (sweat, tears etc.) of symptomatic persons.
Maintain good hygiene by washing hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Pay special attention to hand hygiene when touching clothes, bedding, towels, utensils, etc. Used by symptomatic people.
Avoid contact with rodents and other mammals, which are potential carriers of monkeypox (including their carcasses), and avoid eating and handling wild animals (bushmeat = bushmeat).
When attending events (etc) that bring many people together, keep a proper distance between yourself and others.

(4) Treatment.

symptomatic therapy

for reference

Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Affairs
https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/seisakunitsuite/bunya/kenkou/kekkaku-kansenshou19/monkeypox_00001.html

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Quarantine Services of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Affairs
https://www.forth.go.jp/news/20220521_00001.html

National Institute of Infectious Diseases
https://www.niid.go.jp/niid/ja/kansennohanashi/408-monkeypox-intro.html

3. Registration in the Government Register

(Note: The following is for Japanese citizens. Foreign nationals are encouraged to do the same. For more information, local news in Japan recommends reading this article: Consulates While Living or Traveling Abroad Why register with

Please register with the Overseas Japanese Register and “たびレジ”.

Before traveling abroad, be prepared for any eventuality, share your itinerary with your family, friends, workplace (etc) as well as your contact details at the destination. All people who plan to stay abroad for three months or more are required to register with the Register of Japanese Overseas to prepare for emergencies.

https://www.ezairyu.mofa.go.jp/RRnet/index.html

Similarly, those who travel abroad (etc) for less than three months are required to register with the Foreign Travelers Register of the Ministry of External Affairs to receive the information. With regard to their safety it should become necessary during their journey. stay abroad. (For more information visit: https://www.ezairyu.mofa.go.jp/tabireg/index.html)

ask about

Consular Service Center of the Ministry of External Affairs.
Address: 2-2-1
Tel: (Main) 03-3580-3311 (Extension 2902, 2903)

Contact Details of Office of the concerned Section of Ministry of External Affairs

Policy Division, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Ministry of External Affairs (medical information abroad).
Tel: (Switchboard) 03-3580-3311 (Extension 4919)

^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Security website

Contact details of local diplomatic missions abroad

Please visit the following Ministry of External Affairs website for contact details of foreign diplomatic missions in each country.

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^ Foreign Ministry website: List of Japanese diplomatic missions abroad

https://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/link/zaigai/index.html

Source: : (mofa.go.jp)

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